What is Chickenpox (Varicella)

Chickenpox is a viral infection formed by the varicella-zoster virus VZV. It causes fevers, tiredness itchiness and blistery rashes to across the body. Chickenpox . The rash starts on the trunk and face and then spreads to the rest of the body forming anywhere bet on 200- 500 itchy blisters. Chickenpox is a highly contagious s virus to people who have not had it before or were not vaccinated.

Transmission

Virtually everyone has been infected with once he or she reach adulthood, in some cases with serious complications. Chickenpox is an airborne disease that spreads through, breathing, hosta, sneezing and-and touching various particles with the virus that come into contact with chickenpox blisters.

In most cases chickenpox is a mild disease. However, it is best to get vaccinated. The chickenpox vaccine is a safe and effective way to preventing chickenpox and potential complications. Before the chickenpox vaccine over 4 million people would get chickenpox every year. Nearly 11,000 people were hospitalized for a chickenpox-related illness and 100 to 150 dog varje år till följd av upphandlande vattkoppor. Det är bäst att undvika kontakt med människor som har vattkoppor. En person wit vattkoppor blir smittsam 1 to 2 dagar innan blåsor visas på deras hud.

Det tar 10-25 dagar efter initial exponering för vattkoppor / bältros virus för en person att utveckla vattkoppor.

Även en vaccinerad person vattkoppor kan sprida sjukdomen till andra. In most cases, människor som har fått vattkoppor gång utvecklar immunitet för livet, även om det finns sällsynta fall där människor har fått sjukdomen två gånger.

The vast majority of chickenpox cases occur in children before the age of 10. The disease is mostly mild. Older children and adults who have Chickenpox are usually sicker than younger children who have it.

Severe cases occur more common in children who have compromised or weaken immune systems from ailments or medicines such as steroids or chemotherapy

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is a member of the herpesvirus family. This virus is also the cause of Shingles (herpes zoster) within adults.

Symptomschicken-pox

The chickenpox virus usually lasts between five to 10 days. The rash is the most common and visible sign that someone has chickenpox. There are other signs that begin to appear one to two days before the rash
including:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Tiredness and feeling of exhaustion
  • Fever
Phases of chickenpox
Phases of chickenpox

After the initial rash appears, there are three stages that it goes through, bumps, blåsor, and scabbed lesions

  1. Rash bumps (papules), with are pink or red bumps that breakout every couple of dais.
  2. Blåsor eller vätskefyllda blåsor utvecklas från stötar över nästa dag då de bryter och läcka vätska.
  3. Dessa blåsor torka ut, skorpa och bilda sårskorpor, sedan ta flera dagar att läka helt.
  4. Du får se nya gupp fortsätter att visas under de närmaste dagarna. När smittade, viruset sprider sig upp till 48 timmar innan utslag. Du smittsam tills blåsor skorpa over.Individuals som vaccineras kan fortfarande få vattkoppor men symtomen är oftast mildare med en mild eller ingen feber och färre blåsor.

Även vattkoppor är vanligtvis en mild sjukdom, bör du alltid rådfråga läkare, Han eller hon kan diagnostisera att detta är ett fall av vattkoppor.

Om du tror att du eller ditt barn kan ha vattkoppor, ska du kontakta din läkare. Se till att du ringer före din tid för att säkerställa att du inte är i vänt med andra som du kan sprida det till andra människor i väntrummet. Läkaren vård är mycket viktigt i de fall där finns komplikationer.

Complications

Complicationscan inträffa, men är inte så vanligt hos individer, who have the disease and, that are considered healthy,
People who may develop more severe symptoms and experience high risk for complications include the following:

  • Adolescents
  • Adults
  • Gravid kvinna – Chickenpox affect pregnant women and several different ways, by causing a variety of problems in newborns, from low birth weight and birth defects, such as abnormalities in limbs to life-threatening infections in the newborn.
  • spädbarn
  • People who have weakened immunes, such as people with cancer or HIV/AIDs
  • Patent with organ transplants
  • People on immunosuppressive medications or steroids.

Chickenpox serious complications include the following:

  • Dizziness, disorientation, loss of muscle coordination
  • Tremors and restlessness
  • Vomiting
  • Worrying cough
  • Pneumonia
  • Dehydration
  • Bleeding problems
  • Blood stream infections (sepsis)
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Joint infections
  • Bone infractions
  • Inflammation of infections from the brain(cerebellar ataxia, encephalitis)
    Bacterial Infections that occur in soft tissue and skin of children who are Group A streptococcal.

Unfortunately, some people become so sick from chickenpox, att de måste läggas in på sjukhus. Vissa människor hade dött på grund av det också.
Vattkoppor dödsfall på grund inträffar i fall med hälsa och ovaccinerade barn och vuxna. In many cases, healthy adults have contracted the disease from their unvaccinated children.

Exams and Test

Health care providers can usually give you quick diagnoses of chickenpox by looking at the rashes and asking medical history questions. Small blisters on the scalp often will confirm that it is checkenpox. Medical professionals will run laboratory test to confirm the diagnosis.

hem-lösningar-för-vattkopporChickenpox Treatment

Treating chickenpox, mostly involves keeping the person conformable
Its good to avoid scratching and rubbing the itchy areas. Du bör hålla naglar korta för att förhindra skador på huden från repor.

bär sval, ljus, lösa sängkläder. Bär inte grov kläder, speciellt ull, över en kliande område.
Du bör ta ljumma bad med hjälp av en liten tvål och spola helt. Prova en havremjöl eller majsstärkelse bad för att lugna huden
Use a soothing moisturizer after bathing to relax and cool the skin.
Avoid extended exposure to extreme heat and humidity.

You can buy over-the-counter oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), however, be aware of side effects such as drowsiness. There may also be over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream viable to apply on itchy areas.

There are medications that attack the chickenpox virus are available but may not be given to everyone. For these medications to work well, the medicine often needs to be applied within the first 24 hours of the rash.

Healthy children, who do not have severe symptoms and no complications, are not normally given antiviral medications. People who are at risk of more severe symptoms developing may benefit from antiviral medication if it is given early on.
Antiviral medication can be very important in individuals who have lung conditions (such as asthma), or who have recently taken steroids. People with skin diseases (such as eczema or recent sunburn),
Doctors may also give antiviral medicines to people in the same household, who also develop chickenpox, because they will likely develop more severe symptoms.
You should NOT give ibuprofen or aspirin to someone who possibly has chickenpox. The usage of aspirin has been associated with Reyes syndrome; a serious condition Ibuprofen has been associated with more severe secondary infections. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be used.

A child should not attend school or any other functions until all sores are gone and dried out and crusted over. The same rule would apply to adults who are going back to work.
Outlook (Prognos)
In most cases, a person recovers without complications.

Once someone has had chickenpox, the virus will remain dormant for the rest of his or her lifetime. About 1 and ten people have the virus reemerge and develop shingles during a period of stress.


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