Что такое Дерматит

Экзема является общим термином, который представляет собой опухоль кожи. Дерматит может иметь много причин, и происходит во многих формах. Как правило, она включает в себя зуд сыпь на опухшие или покрасневшей кожи.

Кожа затронут дерматит может блистерную, тина, разработать корку или паблисити от. Примеры дерматита объединить атопический дерматит (экзема) перхоть и сыпь, вызванная контактом с любым из некоторых веществ, такие, как ядовитый плющ, мыла и ювелирные изделия с никелем в нем.

Дерматит является общим условием, что это не заразно, но это может заставить вас чувствовать себя неудобно и застенчивые шаги по уходу, и лекарства могут помочь вам лечить дерматит.

симптомы & Причины дерматита

симптомы
Каждый тип дерматита может выглядеть немного иначе, и, как правило, происходят на разных частях тела. Наиболее распространенные типы дерматита включают:
Поверх дерматит (экзема). Usually beginning in infancy, the red, itchy rash most commonly happens where the skin flexesinside the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scraped, the rash can leak fluid and scabbed over. Individuals with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and the flare-ups.
Contact dermatitis. This rash occurs in an area of the body that have come into contact with substances and materials that either irritate the skin or develop an allergic reaction, such as poison ivy essential oils, мыл. The red rash can burn, sting or itch blisters may develop.

Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition causes scaly patches, покраснение кожи, and stubborn dandruff. It normally affects oily areas of the body such as the face back and upper chest. It can be a long term condition with periods of remission, and flare -ups in infants, this disorder is known as the cradle cap.


Когда обратиться к врачу:
Обратитесь к врачу, если:
You are so uncomfortable that you are losing sleep or are distracted from your daily routines.
Your skin becomes painful
You suspect your skin is infected
You have tried self -self-care steps without success.

причины
Some health conditions, аллергии, genetic factors and irritants can develop different types of dermatitis

Атопический дерматит (экзема) This kind of dermatitis is possibly related to a mix of factors, encompassing dry skin, a gene mutation, an immune system malfunction bacteria on the skin and environmental conditions.
Contact dermatitis, This ailment results from direct contact with one of many irritants of allergens – такие, как ядовитый плющ, sanitation products, cosmetics, парфюмерия, jewelry containing nickel and even the preservative many creams and lotions.
Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition may be generated by a yeast (fungus) that is in the oil discharge on the skin. People with seborrheic dermatitis may see their condition tends to come and go depending on the season.

Факторы риска
Some factors can increase your risk of developing particular types of dermatitis. Examples include :

Age Dermatitis can occur at any age, but atopic dermatitis (экзема ) usually beings in infancy.
Allergies and asthma. People who have a person or family history of eczema allergies, астма, hay fever are more likely to develop atopic dermatitis.
оккупация, Employment that puts you into contact with certain metals, solvents or cleaning supplies raise your risk of contact dermatitis. Работа в качестве медицинского работника связана с экземой рук.
Состояние здоровья – Вы можете быть подвержены повышенным риском себорейного дерматита, если у вас есть один из некоторых условий, таких как застойная сердечная недостаточность, Болезнь Паркинсона, и ВИЧ.

осложнения
Царапины зуд сыпь связана с дерматита может вызвать открытые раны, которые могут инфицироваться. Эти инфекции кожи могут расти и редко становятся опасными для жизни.

диагностика
Ваш врач может диагностировать дерматит после разговора с вами о ваших признаках и симптомах и анализируя вашу кожу. He or she may also suggest doing a skin biopsy or other test to help rule out other skin conditions.


If your doctor believes you have contact dermatitis, he or she might administer patch testing on your skin. В этом тесте, small measures of various substances are applied to your skin under an adhesive covering.
During return visits over the next serval days, your doctor examines your skin to see if you’ve reacted to any of the substances. This type of testing is best implemented at least two weeks after your dermatitis has cleared up when it most useful for determining if you have specific contact allergies.

Treatment of Dermatitis

The treatment for dermatitis defers based on the situation and each person’s experience of the condition. This includes the lifestyle and home remedies recommendations listed below; most dermatitis treatment plans include one or more of the following:

Using corticosteroid creams
Utilizing certain creams or lotions that influence your immune system (calcineurin inhibitors)
Exposing the affected area to measured sums of natural or synthetic light (светолечение)

Альтернативная медицина

Many alternative therapies have assisted some people to gain control of their dermatitis. But evidence for their effectiveness isn’t conclusive. Они включают в себя:

Dietary supplements, such as probiotics and vitamin D, for atopic dermatitis
Rice bran broth (applied to the skin) for atopic dermatitis
Масло чайного дерева, either individually or added to your shampoo, for seborrheic dermatitis
Рыба добавка масла для себорейного дерматита
Алоэ вера для себорейного дерматита

Если вы думаете о пищевых добавках или других альтернативных методах лечения, поговорите с вашим врачом о своих достоинствах и недостатках.

 

Управление самостоятельной и профилактика

Образ жизни и домашние средства –
Эти шаги могут помочь вам управлять дерматитом

Используйте продаваемые без рецепта противовоспалительные и анти-зуд продуктов. За рецепта гидрокортизон крем или лосьон может каламином моментально снять воспаление и зуд. Пероральные антигистаминные препараты, такие как димедрол (Бенадрил, другие), может быть полезным является серьезным, Diphenhydramine may cause drowsiness and showing of the urinary stream.
Apply cool, wet compresses. This promotes soothing your skin.
Take a comfortably warm bath. Place your bath water with uncooked oatmeal or colloidal oatmeala finely ground oatmeal that I made for the bathtub. Soak for 5- 10 минут, pat dry and apply moisturizer.

  • Take a bleach bath. This may people with severe atopic dermatitis bay decreasing the bacteria on the skin, Add 1/2 cup (около 118 миллилитров) or household bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 40-gallon (about 151-liter) bathtub filled with warm water. Measures are for a U.S. standard- standard -sized tub filled with the overflow drainage holes.
  • Avoid scraping and scratching. Wrap the itchy area with a dressing if you can not keeping from scratching it. Trim nails and wear gloves at night.
    Wear cotton clothing. Smoothin- textured cotton clothing can help you avoid-irritating the affected area.
  • Choose mild laundry detergentSInce your clothes, beddings, and towels touch your skin choose soft/mild unscented laundry products.
  • Moisturize your skin. Regularly using moisturizers can decrease the severity of atopic dermatitis. For mild forms of the condition, moisturizer may be the primary form of treatment.
  • Избегайте раздражители. For contact dermatitis mainly, try to minimize contact with the substances and materials that caused you a rash.
  • Utilize stress management methods. Emotional stressors can trigger flare ups of some types of dermatitis. Techniques such as relaxation of biofeedback may help.

предотвращение
Avoiding dry skin may be one component in helping you to stop dermatitis. This tip can help you minimize the drying effect of bathing on your skin.

Take quicker baths or showers. Restrict your baths and showers to 5 к 10 минут. And use warm, rather than hot, воды. Bath oil also may be helpful.

Ue nonsoap cleansers or gentle soaps. Choose fragrance-free nonsoap cleansers or mild soaps. Some soaps can dry your skin.
Dry yourself off carefully. After bathing, wipe your skin rapidly with the palms of your hands, or gently pat your skin dry with a soft towel.
Moisturize your skin. While your skill is still damp, seal in moisture with oil or cream. Try different products to find the item that serves your needs. Ideally, the best one for you will be safe, affordable, unscented and most of all, эффективный.