Понимание (водянка) Мозг Отек

Понимание (водянка) Мозг SwellingIf вы увеличите свой локоть, это, вероятно, набухают. Однако, что, если вы ударились головой, и это влияние ваш мозг?

Мозг Отек — также описан как отек мозга — является реакцией организма на многие виды повреждений или травм. Отек может быть результатом инфекции надзора. Как обычно, набухание происходит быстро и управляемо с некоторой смесью отдыха, лед, лечение, высота, or removal of excess fluid.

The size of your brain can also enlarge as a result of damage, ailment, or other cause. Brain swelling, хоть, can immediately cause serious problems — включая смерть. It is also usually more difficult to treat. As your body’s central control system, the brain is significant to overall function. The thick, bony skull that snugly guards this vital organ affords little room for the brain to swell.

What Happens When the Brain Swells

Several condition names include brain swelling:

Elevated intracranial pressure
отек мозга
Отек мозга

Swelling can transpire in particular locations or throughout the brain -depending on the cause. Wherever it occurs, brain swelling increases the pressure inside the skull. That is recognized as intracranial pressure or ICP. This pressure can inhibit blood from moving to your brain, which deprives it of the oxygen it needs to function. Swelling can also block other fluids from transmitting your brain, making the swelling even graver. Destruction of a brain cell would cause the death of these cells.

Анатомия мозга

What Causes Brain Swelling?

травма, other health problems, такие как, опухоли, инфекции, and even being at too high altitudesany one of these problems can produce brain swelling,
The list below explains different ways the brain start swelling.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A TBI has also described a brain injury, head injury, or acquired brain injury. In TBI, an unexpected event damages the brain. Both the physical touch itself and the swift acceleration and deceleration of the head can develop the injury. The most prevalent causes of TBI include vehicle crashes, Падения, assaults, being hit with or crashing into an object. The initial injury can make brain tissue to bulge. Дополнительно, broken parts of bone can break blood vessels in any portion of the head. The body’s reaction to the injury may also further swelling. Too much inflammation may prevent fluids from flowing from the brain.
Ischemic strokes: Ischemic stroke is the principle the most common stroke and is created by a blood clot or obstructing in or close to the brain. During a stroke brain is incapable of accepting blood — и кислород — it requires to perform its function. As a consequence, brain cells start to suffocate. As the brain reacts, может возникнуть воспаление.

Головной мозг (intracerebral) strokes and hemorrhages: Hemorrhage indicates blood is leaking from a blood vessel. Hemorrhagic strokes are the most prevalent type of brain hemorrhage. These happen when blood vessels in the brain rupture. As blood excretes and the body responds, pressure develops inside the brain. High blood pressure caused by stress is thought to be the most prevalent cause of this kind of stroke. Hemorrhages in the brain can also be caused to head injury, некоторые лекарственные препараты, and unknown malformations present from birth.
Инфекции: Illness triggered by an infectious organism such as a bacterium or virus can lead to brain swelling.

Instances of these conditions include:

  • Менингит: This is an infection in which the encompass portions of the brain becomes inflamed. It can be affected by bacteria, вирусы, other organisms, and even some medications.
    энцефалит: This is an infection in which the brain itself becomes swollen. It is most often caused by a group of viruses and is usually spread by insect bites. A similar condition is named encephalopathy, which is due to Reye’s syndrome.
  • токсоплазмоз: This virus is produced by a parasite. Toxoplasmosis frequently harms fetuses, young infants, and people with damaged immune systems.
  • Subdural empyema: Subdural empyema relates to a region of the brain growing abscessed or congested with pus, usually after another illness such as sinus infection or meningitis. The infection can spread swiftly, causing inflammation and blocking other fluid from leaving the brain.
  • Опухоли: Growths in the brain can make swelling in several ways. As a tumor develops, it can compress against other areas of the brain. Tumors in some sections of the brain may hinder cerebrospinal fluid from leaking out of the brain. New blood vessels developing in and near the tumor can also lead to inflammation.
  • High altitudes: Even though researchers do not know the specific circumstances, brain swelling is more likely to occur at elevations above 4,900 ноги. This type of brain edema is regularly linked with serious acute mountain sickness (AMS) or high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE).
    What Are the Symptoms of Brain Swelling?

Symptoms of brain swelling range from mild to serious, depending on the severity and the cause. Как правило, they begin suddenly. You may notice any of these symptoms:

  • Inability to walk
  • Головная боль
  • Neck pain or stiffness
  • Головокружение
  • Irregular breathing
  • Vision loss or changes
  • Тошнота или рвота
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Приступы
  • Stupor
  • Потеря сознания

How Is Brain Swelling Detected?

The steps employed by your physician to diagnose brain swelling are based on symptoms and the suspected cause. Routine exams and tests used in the diagnosis include:

  • CT scan of the head to identify the extent and location of the swelling
  • Head and neck exam
  • Blood tests to monitor for causes of the swelling
  • Neurologic exam
  • MRI of the head to identify the extent and location of the swelling

What Is the Treatment for Brain Swelling?

Lesser cases of brain swelling due to reasons such as a slight concussion or mild altitude sickness often improve within a few days. В большинстве случаев, Однако, more surgery is needed promptly.

The purpose is to ensure that the brain gets sufficient blood and oxygen to remain well while the swelling is reduced and any underlying conditions are treated. This may entail a combination of therapeutic and surgical treatments. Prompt treatment usually results in quicker and more complete recovery. Without it, some damage may persist.

Лечение отека мозга может включать в себя любую комбинацию из следующих:

  • оксигенотерапия: Администрирование кислорода через респиратор или другие способы помогает гарантировать, что кровь имеет достаточное количество кислорода в нем. Хирург может регулировать респиратор, чтобы помочь уменьшить количество набухания.
  • IV жидкости: Предоставление жидкости и лекарства в пределах IV может предотвратить кровяное давление от падения слишком низко. Это служит для того, чтобы тело — в том числе головного мозга — получают достаточное количество крови. Однако, некоторые жидкости могут сделать отек хуже. Physicians attempt to use the right amounts of the right fluids in someone with brain swelling.
  • Lowering body temperature (гипотермия): Dropping the temperature of the body and brain helps reduce swelling and allows the brain to heal. Hypothermia as a therapy for brain swelling is not widely used because of the complexity of managing the different variables; it is difficult to perform correctly.
  • медикаментозное лечение: In some instances of brain edema, your surgeon may begin a medication to help relieve the swelling. Лекарства также могут быть разработаны по другим причинам, например, чтобы замедлить реакцию вашего организма к набуханию или диффузный сгустков. Лекарства, ваш врач дает вам зависит от причины и симптомы набуханию мозга.
  • вентрикулостомия: В этой процедуре, хирург делает надрез в небольшое отверстие в черепе и вставляет небольшой синтетический сливную трубку. Спинномозговая жидкость удаляется из внутри мозга, помогая уменьшить давление.
  • Хирургия: Хирургическое вмешательство может иметь один или несколько из этих целей :
    Removing section of the skull to alleviate intracranial pressure is an operation, described as a decompressive craniectomy.
    Removing or repairing the cause of the swelling, such as restoring a damaged artery or vein or removing a growth
This stock medical exhibit compares three axial views of the head and brain to describe the Progression of Brain Swelling. The following views are illustrated:
1- Normal brain anatomy with fluid filled space surrounding the brain.
2- Умеренный отек мозга с мозговой тканью, нажав наружу против черепа стена.
3- Умеренный отек головного мозга с последующим отеком ткани головного мозга и воспалением, сжимая желудочки в головном мозге.

Там ли долгосрочные последствия Отек?

Это естественно иметь затяжной эффект от набухания мозга, как это может быть травмирующим. Вопросы, вы заметили, в зависимости от тяжести, а также позиции травмы.
Симптомы могут быть одним из следующих:

  • депрессия
  • Мышление и навыки внимания
  • Головные боли
  • движение
  • Навыки коммуникации
    Your health care provider is available to help you overcome any these potential complication while some problems may extend to diminish over time, others may require ongoing treatment.

How Can I Protect my Head?

To guard the brain, keep these tips in mind as you go about your daily activities:

  • Use a headgear when biking, skating, playing contact sports, or performing other activities in which you might fall and hit your head.
  • Always wear seat belts properly when driving or riding in vehicles.
  • Make sure you are doing all you can to control high blood pressure and heart disease.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • When moving about in high altitudes, take your timeallow your body to adjust to the elevation.