Keloids are an overgrowth of scar tissue that develops around skin tissue that has been damaged, or a wound. The cause of keloids are not known, but they are more prevalent in people who have darker skin color. There are varied treatments that are available. People prone to develop keloid should avoid tattoos, piercings, and unnecessary surgery.
A Keloid is the overgrowth of sacred tissue, which usually forms after the wound has healed. A keloid scar can sometimes be confused with hypertrophic scars. Hypertonic scars tend to be redder and often regress less spontaneously. Treatment such cortisone or steroids can speed up this process. in orice caz, keloids normally grow and migrate beyond the borders of the original wound, into surrounding areas not affected by the original scar. While hypertrophic scar tissue stayed within the wound border When keloids were first discovered, the term was ‘chéloïde,’ derived from the Greek word ‘chele’ meaning crab’s claw. It refers to the way the keloid grows sideways into the normal skin.
What causes Keloids to Occur?
The exact cause is not known. It can develop after acne spots or boils, laceration, surgical wounds, arsuri, body piercings. Having an infection can potentially increase the risk of developing keloids. Changes in the cellular signal that control the proliferating and information may be linked to the process of keloid formation, but these changes have not been characterized enough to provide clarity. It has been speculated that malfunction with fibroblast, and their chemical regulation. Hormonal problems with the immune system and genetic can also play a role. Acesta este suspectat că genetic această condiție poate fi trecut prin familii. in orice caz, Studiile nu au fost în măsură să delimiteze genele exacte responsabile pentru această predispoziție.
Cine prezintă riscul de cheloide în curs de dezvoltare
acru cheloide este mai frecventa la persoanele cu tenul mai închis decât tenurilor mai ușoare. afro-americani, Hispanics, și asiatice sunt la risc mai mare. Cheloide sunt la fel de frecvente la bărbați și femei. Cheloide sunt mai puțin frecvente la copii și persoanele în vârstă și.
În cazul în care cheloide tind să apară?
Keloids develop most often on the back, shoulders, chest and earlobes. Seldomly does keloids develop on the face, with exception of the cheeks, and jawline?
What are the symptoms of Keloid?
Keloid generally starts to develop about three months following the original damage to the skin. in orice caz, it can take up to a year to form.The first sign that you will notice is the skin will become a rubbery scar tissue starts growing and surpassing the borders of the original damage. The growth may become itchy painful, tender or produce a burning sensation. Occasionally keloid develops without any skin injury. Although most people can identify a cause. Keloids growing over a joint can restrict movement. IN time, the original red color changes to brown or become pale.
Keloid growth can continue from a few weeks to a few months. The growth is typically slow but sometimes there are periods of rapid growth over. Once they stop growing, most keloid scars stay the same size or shrink.
How is Keloid diagnosed?
Dermatolog, Plastic surgeons and certain family physicians generally diagnose and treat keloids with occasional help from a therapeutic radiologist. Typically keloid can be diagnosed by the appearance of the skin and the medical history.
What are the treatments for Keloid
A Keloid scars may shrink over time, but that rarely disappears. completely. You may also feel that you can live with a small scar especially if it is out of site. in orice caz, if you are console about the appearance you ma want to leverage available treatment options. No treatment. No treatment is 100% efectiv, and you may be offered multiple treatment options.
Most cases of keloid respond to steroid injections or triamcinolone into the scar. These injections occur every 2 -6 weeks until visible improvement is seen. Din cand in cand, the injection can cause a network of surface veins to develop (telangiectasias) or lightening or thinning of the surrounding skin. Added method is to use steroid-impregnated tape which is applied to the scar for 12 hours a day.
Pressure and airtight (inclusive) dressing
Un pansament care se aplică presiune și împiedică aerul să vină în contact cu cicatricea este utilizat. Pansamentul mea trebuie să fie utilizat în timpul 12-24 intervale zilnice ore timp de câteva săptămâni. Preparatul utilizat sunt, de obicei siliciu sub formă de gel sau foaie sau autoadeziv poliuretan petice autoadezive nepermanente. Alte produse sunt viabile. cercei de compresie sunt recomandate pentru cazurile cu cheloide care afectează lobul urechii. They are usually used once the original keloid has to be removed by surgery and have to be worn 24 ore zi.
Eliminarea cicatrici cheloide prin intervenție chirurgicală poate duce la cicatrici chiar și mai mari, astfel încât, în conjuncție cu o intervenție chirurgicală, vi se pot oferi alte tratamente precum steroizi, cum ar fi preparate injectabile. Ocluziv sau presiune pansament sau radioterapie. tehnici chirurgicale atent. Utilizarea cât mai puține cusături posibil atunci când închiderea ajutorul rănit pentru a minimiza riscul de formare de cheloid în continuare.
Radiotherapy has the risk of potentially causing cancer to occur and should be reserved for difficult situations in areas well away from internal organs such as the stomach or chest ( such as the arm or leg). Pieces of radioactive materials or seeds are implanted in into the surrounding area (brachytherapy) after surgery for keloids may be recommended for severe cases.
Cryotherapy is the use of a probe to freeze tissue. It has been used alone or in combination with other types of treatments, particular steroid injections. In early stages of keloid, formation act may top the keloid from growing. It can also cause pale areas at the treatment site. Intralesional cryotherapy utilizes a probe that freezes keloid tissue from the inside this method is being researched.
tratamentul cu laser Lasers are often used to treat keloid. Pulsed dye laser and Nd:YAG Lasers are types of laser that are reported to give the most impactful results while having few side effects. in orice caz, este nevoie de mai mult Resize pentru a afla ce tipuri de lasere sunt cele mai eficiente și cum să le folosească cele mai bune. cu laser pulsate colorant poate fi mai puțin eficient pe pielea mai inchisa. In some cases redness is reduced however not the size of the keloid. cu laser cu dioxid de carbon sunt adesea folosite dupa injectarea de steroizi pentru greu pentru a trata cheloide pe spate.
Interferonul alfa este un medicament antiviral. It has been found to improve the effect of steroid injection but does not work well on its own.
Theses are medicines which slow down tissue growth and are normally used as anti-cancer treatments. Two types commonly used for Keloid scars are bleomycin and 5-fluorouracil. These are injected into the scar am may be used alone or in a blend with other treatments. You may get pain in the scar and the area may become pale there is breakdown of the skin as side effects of this treatment.
Retinoids Normally used in acne, these have shown some improvements when applied to the surface of the people and inserted into it Physicians do not normally consider them as a first choice they may not achieve the same results as other treatments
Can you prevent Keloids
If you are at risk of developing keloids, you should avoid tattoos and body piercings. You should stay clear of any unnecessary surgeries such as cosmetic surgery, specifically in areas of the body where keloid is likely to from. If you get acne, you should make sure it is treated at the early stages effectively, so that spot do not scar. If you are at risk and need an operation, your doctor may recommend for you to try dressings as well as use steroid injections or additional treatment to reduce the risk of keloid starting and growing.