The ebola virus disease or EVD is a disease which affects humans and other primates, that is caused by Ebolavirus. The symptoms from ebola can start anywhere between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus. These symptoms are much like sudden influenza: a fever, that can range around 38.3 °C (100.9 °F), keelpijn, muscle pain and a headache. Patients can experience shortness of breath, confusion and dizziness. Kort na maculopaplar huiduitslag verschijnen, diarree en braken starts, samen met de afname van lever- en nierfuncties. Some people will experience internal and external bleeding. Bloed ophoesten, braken bloed of bloed in de ontlasting, en bloedingen in het oogwit kan ook optreden. De dood kan optreden tussen 6 en 16 dagen na de systemen te wijten aan vochtverlies inducerende lage bloeddruk.
The ebola virus is spread by direct contact with blood or body fluids (d.w.z. zweet, bloed, speeksel, slijm, braken, tranen, urine etc.) een mens of dier dat is geïnfecteerd. The virus can also be transmitted through a contact with surface that has been recently contaminated. BVD can also spread from breast milk or semen for several weeks to months after the patient experiences recovery. Ebola’s original carriers are believed to be fruit bats, which are able to spread the virus without being affected by it. Human became infected by having contact with these bats, or living and dead animals that were infected by these bats. After humans are infected they tend to spread Ebola with other humans. Diseases such as cholera, malaria and meningitis , all resemble EVD’s spread pattern. Blood samples taken from test are analyzed for RNA, viral antibodies to confirm this diagnosis.
To control the spread of eblola, and other similar outbreaks, states and countries, must coordinate medical services as well as, is inform and engage their population. Medical services attempt to rapidly detect the virus, as well as, conduct contact tracing of those who have come in contact with the infection. People who are suspected of having ebola must be tested as soon as possible with quick laboratory access. If someone has died from ebola, medical services must take proper care of the disposal of the body, through cremation or burial.
Handling of any potentially infected animals must be with protective clothing covering the face with mask and goggles and hands with gloves, with no skin being exposed. Samples of any body fluids must be handled carefully. To avoid potential wide spread outbreaks, countries with medical services must try to incorporate effective medical isolation procedures. Many countries in Africa, have not be able to contain the spread of Ebola. In Guinea, the outbreak is believed to have occurred based on un-restricted contact with infected corpse during burial rituals.
Currently there are no specific treatments for ebola available. The efforts to treat the infected are supported , door middel van orale rehydratietherapie, of intraveneuze vloeistoffen. De symptomen zijn eerder behandeld dan het virus zelf. Deze ondersteunende zorg behandelingen neiging verbetert patient outcomes. Ebola heeft een hoog risico op overlijden, killing between 25% en 90% van degenen die besmet zijn met het virus. Het gemiddelde percentage van de dood is 50%. EVD werd voor het eerst geïdentificeerd in Sudan, dan is de Democratische Republiek Congo. This disease occurs in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Met ingang van 25 oktober, 2014 this outbreak has caused nearly 14,000 cases en 5,000 sterfgevallen.