Keloids are an overgrowth of scar tissue that develops around skin tissue that has been damaged, or a wound. The cause of keloids are not known, but they are more prevalent in people who have darker skin color. There are varied treatments that are available. कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर गोंदणे टाळावे विकसित करण्यासाठी पोटावार चेहरा खाली करून झोपणे लोक, लागतात, आणि अनावश्यक शस्त्रक्रिया.
एक कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर पवित्र मेदयुक्त overgrowth आहे, जखमेच्या बरे केले आहे नंतर सहसा अर्ज. एक कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर घट्ट कधी कधी हायपरट्रॉफिक चट्टे सह गोंधळून जाऊ शकते. अतीतणाव चट्टे लाल रंगाचे असतात आणि अनेकदा कमी एकदम मागे जाणे. उपचार अशा नैसर्गिकरीत्या उत्पन्न होणारे कॉर्टकोस्टेरॉइड किंवा स्टिरॉइड्स ही प्रक्रिया गति करू शकता. मात्र, keloids साधारणपणे वाढतात आणि मूळ जखमेच्या सीमा पलीकडे स्थलांतर, मूळ घट्ट प्रभावित होत नाही आसपासच्या भागात. हायपरट्रॉफिक घट्ट विणलेले कापड जखमेच्या सीमा आत राहात असताना keloids प्रथम शोध तेव्हा, शब्द होते 'chéloïde,’ ग्रीक शब्द साधित केलेली 'chele’ खेकडा च्या नख्या अर्थ. हे मार्ग कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर सामान्य त्वचा मध्ये कडेकडेने grows संदर्भित.
काय येऊ Keloids कारणीभूत?
नेमकं कारण अद्याप ज्ञात नाही. हे नंतर विकसित करू शकता पुरळ स्पॉट्स किंवा त्यांनाही गळवे आली होती, छेद, होणारी जखमा, बर्न्स, शरीर छेदने. एक संक्रमण येत विकसित keloids धोका संभाव्य वाढवू शकता. Changes in the cellular signal that control the proliferating and information may be linked to the process of keloid formation, but these changes have not been characterized enough to provide clarity. It has been speculated that malfunction with fibroblast, and their chemical regulation. Hormonal problems with the immune system and genetic can also play a role. It is suspected that genetically this condition can be passed through families. मात्र, studies have not been able to delineate the exact genes responsible for this predisposition.
Who is at risk of developing keloids
Keloid acre is more common in people with darker complexion than lighter complexions. African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian are at higher risk. Keloids are equally as common in men and women. Keloids are less common in children and-and the elderly.
Where do Keloids tend to appear?
Keloids develop most often on the back, खांद्यावर, chest and earlobes. Seldomly keloids चेहरा विकसित नाही, गालावर अपवाद वगळता, आणि jawline?
कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर लक्षणे काय आहेत?
कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर साधारणपणे त्वचा मूळ नुकसान खालील तीन महिने विकसित सुरू. मात्र, आपण लक्षात येईल की त्वचा एक rubbery घट्ट विणलेले कापड वाढत आणि मूळ नुकसान सीमा सर्वांना मागे टाकणारा सुरू होईल प्रथम साइन इन form.The एक वर्ष लागू शकतात. वाढ वेदनादायक खाजून होऊ शकते, निविदा किंवा जळत्या खळबळ निर्मिती. कोणत्याही त्वचा इजा न करता कधीकधी कठीण व पांढरा संयोजक पेयीजालांचा थर विकसित. Although most people can identify a cause. Keloids growing over a joint can restrict movement. IN time, the original red color changes to brown or become pale.
Keloid growth can continue from a few weeks to a few months. The growth is typically slow but sometimes there are periods of rapid growth over. Once they stop growing, most keloid scars stay the same size or shrink.
How is Keloid diagnosed?
Dermatologist, Plastic surgeons and certain family physicians generally diagnose and treat keloids with occasional help from a therapeutic radiologist. Typically keloid can be diagnosed by the appearance of the skin and the medical history.
What are the treatments for Keloid
A Keloid scars may shrink over time, but that rarely disappears. completely. You may also feel that you can live with a small scar especially if it is out of site. मात्र, if you are console about the appearance you ma want to leverage available treatment options. No treatment. No treatment is 100% प्रभावी, and you may be offered multiple treatment options.
Most cases of keloid respond to steroid injections or triamcinolone into the scar. These injections occur every 2 -6 weeks until visible improvement is seen. कधीकधी, the injection can cause a network of surface veins to develop (telangiectasias) or lightening or thinning of the surrounding skin. Added method is to use steroid-impregnated tape which is applied to the scar for 12 hours a day.
Pressure and airtight (inclusive) जमिनीच्या पृष्ठभागावर खत घालणे
A dressing which applies pressure and prevents air from coming into contact with the scar is used. The dressing my must be used during 12-24 hour daily intervals for several weeks. The preparation used are typically silicon as a gel or impermanent sheet or self adhesive polyurethane self-adhesive patches. Other products are viable. Compression earrings are recommended for cases with keloids affecting earlobes. They are usually used once the original keloid has to be removed by surgery and have to be worn 24 hours day.
Removing keloid scars by surgery can result in even larger scars, so in conjunction with surgery, you may be offered other treatments as well such as steroid injections. Occlusive or pressure dressing or radiotherapy. Careful surgical techniques. Using as few stitches as possible when closing the wounded help to minimize the risk of further keloid formation.
Radiotherapy has the risk of potentially causing cancer to occur and should be reserved for difficult situations in areas well away from internal organs such as the stomach or chest ( such as the arm or leg). Pieces of radioactive materials or seeds are implanted in into the surrounding area (brachytherapy) after surgery for keloids may be recommended for severe cases.
Cryotherapy is the use of a probe to freeze tissue. It has been used alone or in combination with other types of treatments, particular steroid injections. In early stages of keloid, formation act may top the keloid from growing. It can also cause pale areas at the treatment site. Intralesional cryotherapy utilizes a probe that freezes keloid tissue from the inside this method is being researched.
Laser treatment Lasers are often used to treat keloid. Pulsed dye laser and Nd:YAG Lasers are types of laser that are reported to give the most impactful results while having few side effects. मात्र, more resize is needed to find out which types of lasers are most effective and how to best use them. Pulsed dye laser can be less efficient on darker skin. In some cases redness is reduced however not the size of the keloid. Carbon dioxide laser are often used after steroid injection for hard to treat keloids on the back.
Interferon alfa is an antiviral drug. It has been found to improve the effect of steroid injection but does not work well on its own.
Theses are medicines which slow down tissue growth and are normally used as anti-cancer treatments. Two types commonly used for Keloid scars are bleomycin and 5-fluorouracil. These are injected into the scar am may be used alone or in a blend with other treatments. You may get pain in the scar and the area may become pale there is breakdown of the skin as side effects of this treatment.
Retinoids Normally used in acne, these have shown some improvements when applied to the surface of the people and inserted into it Physicians do not normally consider them as a first choice they may not achieve the same results as other treatments
Can you prevent Keloids
If you are at risk of developing keloids, you should avoid tattoos and body piercings. You should stay clear of any unnecessary surgeries such as cosmetic surgery, specifically in areas of the body where keloid is likely to from. If you get acne, you should make sure it is treated at the early stages effectively, so that spot do not scar. If you are at risk and need an operation, your doctor may recommend for you to try dressings as well as use steroid injections or additional treatment to reduce the risk of keloid starting and growing.