Preeclampsia and eclampsia are a disease of pregnancy that includes the development or increasing level of उच्च रक्तदाब throughout the second half of pregnancy. प्रि-, historically called “toxemia of pregnancy” may grow into the more critical condition called eclampsia. Eclampsia comprises symptoms of preeclampsia, along with seizures.
These conditions, when they develop, occur after 20 गर्भधारणेच्या आठवडे. They also may form quickly after delivery. In very isolated circumstances, they occur before 20 गर्भधारणेच्या आठवडे.
High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (उद्भवणार अशक्तपणा), as well as upsetting liver function and reduced platelets (the blood cells involved in clotting). Too few platelets can raise your risk of bleeding uncontrollably during delivery, or even spontaneously. तसेच, the high blood pressure may cause the placenta to begin to separate from the wall of the uterus because of a placental abruption. This can cause severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.
If you begin suffering from seizures with a severe form of preeclampsia, you are considered to have eclampsia. This is a life-threating situation for you and your baby. During a seizure, you and your baby are at risk of being denied oxygen.
Who Gets Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
Preeclampsia affects 3% ते 5% of all pregnancies in the US. Any pregnant woman can get preeclampsia, but you are at increased risk of developing preeclampsia if:
- Your are experiencing your first pregnancy
- Your mother or sister suffered from preeclampsia or eclampsia during their pregnancies.
- You are pregnant with twins/
- You are African -American
- You already have high blood pressure, मधुमेह, or kidney disease
- You are under age 20 or over 40 years old during your pregnancy.
You have preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy.
- You have a body mass index (बीएमआय) greater than 30 before becoming pregnant.
What Causes Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
The Causes of preeclampsia is still not well understood. Most throwers focus on abnormal placental development, रोगप्रतिकार प्रणाली, blood vessel disruption or other energetic factors. Eclampsia frequently develops when preeclampsia goes unnoticed and untreated.
Can You prevent Preeclampsia >
You can currently prevent pre eclampsia, But researchers are trying to determine if it is possible. One body of research shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Another study shows that overweight or obese women who gained fewer than 15 pounds during pregnancy had a lower risk of preeclampsia. Be sure to review this with your doctor before making any changes.
What Else Can I Do?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.
You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.
Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:
- Your blood
- Your Blood pressure
- Protein levels in your urine
- How fast your baby is growing
- Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell
Track your blood pressure and weight. आपण आपल्या गर्भधारणेच्या आधी उच्च रक्तदाब होते, तर, आपल्या पहिल्या नियुक्ती आपल्या डॉक्टरांशी संपर्क खात्री करा. आपले डॉक्टरच आपण आपल्या भेटी दरम्यान आपल्या वजन आणि रक्तदाब ट्रॅक करू शकता.
कारण प्रि-तेथे उपचार पर्याय आहेत?
आपण सौम्य प्रि-विकसित तर, आपल्या डॉक्टरांचा मे रक्तदाब कमी – To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, आपल्या डॉक्टरांना कॅल्शियम किंवा aspirn अतिरिक्त dosages घेऊन शिफारस करु शकते., किंवा आपल्या डाव्या बाजूला पडलेली तुम्हाला विसाव्याचे स्थान तेव्हा,
आपण कमी सक्रिय होण्यासाठी. काही प्रकरणांत, आपण औषध आवश्यकता असू शकते, आराम, किंवा रुग्णालयात दाखल, आपण गंभीर प्रि-विशेषतः तर.
डिलिव्हरी. संपूर्णपणे प्रि-टाळण्यासाठी एकमेव मार्ग, तरी, आपल्या बाळाला केली आहे. आपण आणि आपल्या मुलाला निरोगी दोन्ही ठेवण्यासाठी, आपल्या डॉक्टरांनी आपल्याला आपल्या देय तारखेच्या आधीची बाळ आहे की कामगार लावणे करू शकता. आपण वितरीत तेव्हा आपल्या रक्तदाब कमी करण्यासाठी औषधे आवश्यक असू शकते.
आपण आणि आपल्या बाळाला कसे निरोगी आहेत अवलंबून, your doctor may want to have a cesarean instead of vaginal delivery.
After childbirth. Preeclampsia may require that you stay in the optical longer after you give birth. Your blood pressure should return to a normal level within a few week following the delivery. And pre eclampsia usually do not increase your risk for high blood pressure in the future.