Every couple of months it’s common to hear about an E. Coli breakout. In these case there can be hundreds of people across the country, who get ill by consuming products with E.coli bacteria, leading to countless recalls on foods like ground beef, chicken salads, lettuce, celery and even bottled water.
या लेखातील, we discuss what typically happens in when there are is an E. coli breakout and how you can protect yourself and your family.
What is E.coli and how common is it in found in food?
ई. coli is short for Escherichia coli, which is a bacteria found within a few environment, in food, within both the human and animal intestines. There are many strains of E. coli that are are harmless. There are also, dangerous strains that can make you very ill, causing bloody diarrhea, respiratory illness, न्यूमोनिया, urinary tract infections and kidney failure according to the CDC.
We often think of E. coli contamination be associated with undercooked meats, but what other cases can food have E. coli?
Over the last couple of years, ई. coli outbreaks have been linked to many other types of foods, such apple cider, produce, unpastured diary products. Fresh produce has called more outbreaks than any other food source over the ten years according to the research conducted by the Center for Since in the Public Interest.
This research comprised of 629 outbreaks and nearly 20,000 cases of food-borne illnesses. However there is one caveat within the research, pound for pound, fresh produce is safer than other foods. Since the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is so much higher than other foods, the percentage of cases of E. coli is lower compared to other foods. The risk of food-borne illness from chicken is two times as high as vegetables. Pound for pound, seafood is the No.1 leading cause of food-borne illness.
How do E. coli bacteria enter foods?
There are various points of bacteria contamination during food processing. Meat can be contained during the slaughtering process if cattle feces laden with bacteria is present. Contaminated cattle feces can also wash down file wing it rains, flowing in crop fields and other fresh fruits and vegetables. Milk can become contaminated when cow feces comes into direct contact with it. Restaurant workers, who have contaminated feces, don’t properly wash their hand also spread the bacteria.
How common is E. coli infection?
In a CDC report the number of infections with a strain known as E.coli 0157, the major cause of outbreaks, fell by a third in 2014 compared to 2006- 2008. These numbers do not include recent outbreaks. The full results are known completely because not everyone reports E.coli outbreaks. According to the CDC estimates. 1 मध्ये 6 people gets sick from food contamination each year, in the U.S. This figure also include food-borne illness from organisms other than E. coli.
How ill can E. coli make you?
There are different levels of illness from the very extreme foodborne illness, (HUS) or commonly referred to as Montezuma’s revenge or travelers’ अतिसार. It can often be treated with dirnking plenty of fluids and resting. In cases where you have persistent vomiting, fever or bloody diarrhea, you may need to get medical help.
HUS can lead to a type of kidney failure, जे सामान्यत प्रभावित 10% ई लोक. ई-coli, आणि 1 मध्ये 10 कोण hus तो मरण मिळविण्यासाठी लोक. काही लोक रोगप्रतिकार प्रणाली कमकुवत झाला आहे, मुले, निस्तेज किंवा वृद्ध, करार करू शकता अधिक गंभीर ई. कोलाय् जंतुसंसर्ग, CDC त्यानुसार.
ई लक्षात आले तर आपल्याला आवश्यक वैद्यकीय काय आहे. coli?
अनेक प्रकरणांमध्ये, ही किरकोळ संसर्ग बाहेर निश्चित करणे शक्य होऊ शकते, विश्रांती आणि द्रव पिण्याच्या भरपूर. लोक विशेषत: कुठेही आजारी 2 ते 8 दिवस दूषित अन्न खाल्ल्यानंतर.
अनेक प्रकरणांमध्ये, लक्षणे आठवड्यात सोडा. मात्र, आपल्याला त्या वेळी नंतर चांगले वाटत नाही तर, आपण एक डॉक्टर पाहून विचार करावा. अनेक प्रकरणांमध्ये, antiboitics गुंतागुंत धोका संभाव्य वाढ झाल्यामुळे शिफारस नाहीत. डॉक्टर या यापुढे आपल्या प्रणाली मध्ये राहण्यासाठी जीवाणू होऊ शकते विरोधी diarrheal औषधे वापर विरुद्ध चेतावणी देऊ शकतात.
आपण आजारी मिळत संधी कसे कमी नाही?
आपण सर्वप्रथम करू शकता योग्य पद्धतीने आपल्या पदार्थ निवडा आहे. याची खात्री करा आपल्या अन्न सुरक्षितपणे कमी तापमानात साठवली जाते, उच्च दर्जाचे सुरक्षा स्कोअर आणि चांगले अन्न गृहपाठ पद्धती रेस्टॉरंट्स सह खावे.
Avoid unpasteurized dairy foods and apple cider. Beef should always be cooked thoroughly to 160 degrees F.
When you are shopping separate produce from the met. Once you are home, do not put meat above produce in the refrigerator since contaminated meat juices can drip down on the produce. Wash the produce as well as you can. This will not get rid of contamination but it will hep. Be careful with sprouts as E. coli may lodge inside the seed.
When you prepare food, wash the cutting board, the knife, and cooking area and counter soon after you completed preparing raw meat. Use the cutting boards fro your meats and vegetables.
Proper hand washing is critical for preventing the spread of E. coli
Check the restaurant grades and health score, if a place looks unclean, do not risk it to eat there.
Do not use the price of a restaurant to determine safety. Expensive ones are no better than cheaper ones. The most important factor is the cleanliness and preparation practices.