What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer begins in an a women’s ovaries. Ovaries are are the female reproductive gland. The ovaries produce eggs or ova for reproduction. During reproduction the eggs travel through the fallopian tube into the uterus, where the fertilized egg implants grow into a fetus. Both ovaries are normally the size and shape of an almond, iThe ovaries are the primary source of female hormones estrogen and progesterone. There is one ovary on each side of the uterus in the pelvis.

The Fallopian tubes are a long, slender pair of tubes; that exist on each side of the uterus. An egg or ova pass from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes., to the uterus.

The Peritoneum is a tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers organs in the abdomen. Primary peritoneal cancer forms in the peritoneum and has not spread from the area to another part of the body.

Ovarian Epithelial Cancer is another type of cancer that affects the overlay.
The ovaries have three primary types of cells. Each cell type can develop into a particular kind of tumor.

1. Epithelial tumors begin with surface cells that cover the layer of the ovary. Most ovarian tumors are epithelial cell tumors.
2. Germ cell tumors start inside the cells that create the eggs or ova.
3. Stromal erhéijen fänken aus strukturell Otemschwieregkeeten Zellen datt d'ovary halen zesumme wéi och produzéiere der liicht estrogen an progesterone.

Gréissten Deel vun der erhéijen, datt an daat sin eis Politiker entwéckelen sinn benign (Net-kriibserreegend) an ni ausserhalb vun der ovary verbreet. Benign erhéijen kann duerch Stoppen der ovary oder en Deel vun der ovary behandelt ginn, datt d'klinescher enthält.

Malignant (kriibserreegend) oder niddereg malignant Potential erhéijen kann un aner Deeler vum Kierper verbreet, deen ass firwat kann et fatale ginn.

Epithelial Et spillt erhéijen

Benign epithelial Et spillt erhéijen

The most epithelial ovarian tumor is benign tumors; this means they do not spread. They also do not lead to a serious illness, such as cancer. There are few different types of benign epithelial tumors, including mucinous cystadenoma, serous cystadenomas, and Brenner tumors.

A risk for illness increases with low malignant potential tumors. The different types of malignant tumors result in various types of cancer. There is epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, an der Primärschoul peritoneal Kriibs datt Krankheeten an deem Kriibs Zellen sinn entwéckelen am Otemschwieregkeeten deckt entweder der ovary, Doropshin vun der fallopian eraus oder peritoneum.

The ovarian low malignant potential tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissue covering the ovary They may become cancer but is usually not. Dës Krankheet ass normalerweis op d'ovary Ageschränkt. Wann dës Krankheet ass an wëllt ovary entdeckt, Wéinst ovary soll och fir Zeeche vun der Krankheet iwwerpréift ginn.

There are a few symptoms of the ovarian low malignant potential tumor. Although this disease may not alway cause early signs and symptoms. If there are signs or symptoms they may include the following:

  • Pain in the pelvis
  • Pain and swelling in the abdomen area
  • Gastrointestinally pain and disconformable, caused by gas, bloating or constipation.

Ovarian-cancer-causes.

These signs and symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so if these get worst or do not go away on their, you should check with your doctor.

There are several different test that examine the ovaries to detect and diagnose and stage ovarian low malignant potential tumor.

TestOvarian-cancer-tests

Physical exam and history This exam is a general health checkup, which includes evaluating the signs of disease, such as lumps or other unusual symptoms. It’s also important to gather a history of the patient’s health habits past sicknesses to related treatments

Pelvic Exam
A pelvic exam will examine the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and rectum. A doctor or nurse will look at the vagina and cervix for signs of the disease by inserting a speculum into the Virginia. In most cases a Pap test is conducted. With the Pap test of the cervix, a doctor or nurse, a doctor, puts on lubricated gloves and inserts one or two fingers into the vagina and places the other hand over the lower abdomen to feel te size shape and position of the patient’s ovaries and uterus. The nurse or doctor does the same inside the rectum to feel for lumps and abnormal growths.

Ultrasound Exam

Ultrasound exam is a procedure that uses a medical device called sonogram and transducer to use high-energy sound waves to bounce off internal tissues and organs to make echos. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called the sonogram. There is also the transvaginal ultrasound, which is a probe connected to the computer. The probe is inserted into the vagina and moved around to show different organs, and sound waves bounce off internal organs.

CT scan or CAT scan: A procedure takes a set detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures based on X-ray machines and are linked to the computer. A bestëmmte Fäll, there may be dye injected into the veins or swallowed to help the body’s tissues and organs show up more clearly. The procedure uses a tomography.

A CA 125 assay: This is a test measures the level of CA 124 in the blood. CA 125 is released into the bloodstream. This substance is sometimes a sign of cancer in condition.

A BiopsyThis is the removal of cells and tissues so that can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer.

Behandlung OptiounenOvarian-cancer-treatment

There are several ways to treat patients of the ovarian low malignant potential tumor.
There are two types of standard treatment are used
befënnt
Chemotherapy

There are different types of treatments that are available for ovarian low malignant potential treatment.

befënnt

Surgery removes tumor depends on the size and spread of the tumor.
This can be done in several ways, unilateral saplings-oophorectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and total hysterectomy.
Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to remove one ovary and one fallopian tube.
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to take out the uterus, cervix, and both ovaries and fallopian tubes.The operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy if the uterus and cervix are removed from the vagina, . Wann der Gebärmutter an cervix sinn duerch eng grouss Trauer geläscht (Géigewier) am beleidegt, der Operatioun ass am Ganzen just dowéinst postwendend misse selwer ugefaangen genannt. Wann der Gebärmutter an cervix sinn duerch e klenge Trauer geläscht (Géigewier) am beleidegt mat engem laparoscope, der Operatioun ass eng total laparoscopic selwer ugefaangen genannt.
partiell oophorectomy: Befënnt Deel vun eent ovary zu Extrait oder souwuel daat sin eis Politiker.
Omentectomy: Befënnt ze trennen der omentum (e Stéck vun der Otemschwieregkeeten der just dowéinst postwendend misse Mauer Doropshin).
Although a doctor extracts all disease that can be seen at the time of the operation, the patient may be provided chemotherapy after surgery to kill any tumor cells that are left. Therapy given after the surgery, to lower the risk that the tumor will come back, is called adjuvant therapy.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a cancer therapy that utilizes drugs to prevent the outgrowth of cancer cells, both by removing the cells or by obstructing them from splitting. When chemotherapy is ingested by mouth or inserted into a vein or muscle, the medications access the bloodstream and can enter cancer cells everywhere in the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is put directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the stomach, the drugs mainly induce cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.


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