While HIV/AIDS does not make the headlines today, as it did nearly 20 Joer. Et sinn iwwer 35 million people in the world leaving with HIV infections. iwwer Halschent, dës Persounen sinn net och bewosst datt si et hunn.
No der Weltgesondheetsorganisatioun, bal 40 Millioune Leit hunn aus de Virus gestuerwen zënter 1981. HIV (Mënsch immunodeficiency Virus) an AIDS (Qualifikatiounen immunodeficiency kämpfen) bleiwen bedréckt.
Dësen Artikel baséiert op e puer HIV / AIDS Experten’ Meenung iwwer dat wat am meeschte opfällegen misconceptions an Punkte vun Duercherneen sinn, datt Leit an den USA HIV / AIDS hunn. Dës Experten Plëséier Patienten, educate medical students and provide support and advocacy for those with the disease. Here 10 of the top myths and misconcptions that people with HIV or AIDs have to combat.
Myth #1 Once You Have HIV It is A Death Sentence
With proper treatment, people who have HIV can live a normal life and life span. According to Dr.Michael Horberg. Kaiser Permanente National Director of HIV/AIDS
Dr. Amesh A. Adalja, a board-certified infectious disease physician at the University of Pittsburgh, stated “Since 1996, with the advent of highly active, antiretroviral therapy, a person with HIV in an industrialized nation can expect to live a normal life span, so long as they take their prescribed medications,”
There have been many breakthroughs and advancements in treatment that have extended life and the quality of life for HIV patients. For people who were diagnosed in the 80s and 90s and had to deal with virus medications, treatment was very difficult. It took some time figure out how to make them work effectively with the least amount of side effects. An e puer Fäll, people were taking 40 pills five times a day with horrific side effects. Today there are three options for once-a-day regimes, which have very little side effects.
Today you can go to the doctor, two or three times a year, get the test done to ensure everything is on track, and live the rest of your wife as you normally would.
Much of the advances in treatment due to antiretroviral therapy (ART) Art is an a combination of a least three antiretroviral drugs that prevents it from replicating a reduce virus transmission. Years ago these effective treatments were not available. Thes drugs are highly effective a supporting HIV replication
Myth #2. You Can tell someone has HIV/AIDs by Looking at Them.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Do sinn 1.2 million Americans living with HIV. Every year over 50,000 Americans are diagnosed with HIV. Every year AIDs, caused by HIV, kills 14,000 Americans.
In many cases there no visible signs or symptoms of HIV/AIDs. Some people develop HIV symptoms shortly after infection. In others, symptoms can take up to 10 years for symptoms to appear according to Dr. Gerald Schochetman, who is Abbott Diagnostics’ senior director of infectious diseases. The first symptoms of HV often include a fever fatigue and muscle aches that can last a few weeks. It’s extremely difficult for people to know if someone has HIV without being tested.
Myth#3 If Your Straight, You Don’t Have To Worry About HIV Infection.
No der CDC, The highest risk group for contracting HIV is men who have sex with other men, accounting for 78 percent of new infections. Heterosexuals account 24 percent of the new HIV cases, and two third of those cases are women.
Myth #4 People who have HIV Can not Safely have Children.
You can have a child if you or your partner have HIV. Although it is impossible to guarantee that the HIV will not pass on to the child, according to the Department of Health and Humans resource, et ginn verschidden Weeër daitlech de Risiko vun Transmissioun ze reduzéieren. Wann eng Fra, deen ass HIV-Positiv Behandlung hëlt (ART) virun an während Schwangerschaft, et ass héich Wahrscheinlechkeet, datt d'Kand gebuer ginn HIV-gratis.
Wann Dir oder Äre Partner hëlt hir Medikamenter als matzebréngen an huet eng undetectable Haren opbauen, et ass eng kleng bis keng Chance vun der Krankheet ze Kand vermëttelen.
Myth #5 HIV wäert Lead Ëmmer un AIDS
HIV Aids do Ursaach AIDS. Ee, et heescht net dass all HIV-positiven Leit AIDS entwéckele wäert. Today’s therapies can help control levels of infections. These treatments help to keep a healthy immune system and prevent infections and the development of AIDS.
Myth #6 HIV is Not a Concern because All of the Modern Treatments.
This attitude leads to reckless and careless sexual behavior. Many young people don’t have the fear of HIV due to the success of ART treatment. This false sense of security causes many young people to engage in risky sexual behavior, particularly leading to higher rates of HIV infection in men who have sex with other men.
Myth #7 If I take PrEP, I Don’t Need To Use Condoms
PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) is a medication that is prescribed to prevent the HIV infection in advance. A recent study from Kaiser Permanente accompanied people, who were on PrEP for two and had years, and found evidence that it is an effective method to preventing HIV infections in advance. PrEP does not protect people against other sexually transmitted disease and infections.
PrEP is recommended to use along with combinations with safer sex practices.
Myth #8 If you don;t have HIV, You Can have Unprotected Sex
If you or your partner was infected recently, with HIV, may not show up on in HIV test until three months later. Antibody- test only work by detected the press of other antibodies in the body when HIV infects the body. It takes around three weeks to be able to detect enough antibodies to determine if there is HIV present. According to the San Francisco AIDs foundation, it is recommended to test for HIV every three months. You should take the second HIV test three months after you confirm your negative reading, Do this before considering haveing unprotected sex.
Myth #9 If both partners have HIV there no need for a condom.
It’s important to know that not all HIV strains are not the same. Being infected more than once can lead to higher level of complications and a superinfection. The new HIV strain may also have different drug resistance than the first HIV infection. Déi nei HIV Krankheet kënnen mat déi éischt Behandlung Optiounen Konflikt a féieren se effikass ze sinn.
Myth #10 Dir kënnt net HIV aus Mëndlech Sex kréien
Obwuel et ass richteg, mëndlech Sex ass manner geféierlech wéi aner Zorte vu Sex. Dir kënnt nach HIV aus dass mëndlech Sex mat enger M oder Fra kritt déi HIV-Positiv sinn. Den Austausch vun Kierper Flëssegkeeten wéi Blutt kënne féieren HIV Aids iwwerdroen ginn, wann e puer stimuléierend hunn. Et ass sécher e Mëllechsaaft Barrière während mëndlech Sex ze benotzen.
There is no cure to HIV/AIDs but people with HIV can still live full productive lives. Although current ART treatments help keep infection levels low, preventing HIV from spreading and damaging the immune systems, there is still no cure for HIV or AIDS.
Although new cases are at 50,000 a year in America, and growth has plateaued, new cases are affecting venerable populations, such as women of color, men who have sex with men, and other hard to reach populations.
In any case, its important to be safe and know become educated about HIV/AIDS to help break the stereotypes and bring clarity and visibility to other around you.