The ebola virus disease or EVD is a disease which affects humans and other primates, that is caused by Ebolavirus. The symptoms from ebola can start anywhere between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus. These symptoms are much like sudden influenza: a fever, that can range around 38.3 °C (100.9 °F), 목 쓰림, muscle pain and a headache. Patients can experience shortness of breath, confusion and dizziness. Soon after maculopaplar rashes appear, diarrhea and vomiting starts, along with decrease in liver and kidney functions. Some people will experience internal and external bleeding. 피를 기침, vomiting blood or blood in stool, as well as bleeding into the white of the eyes may also occur. Death can occur between 6 and 16 days after systems due to fluid loss inducing low blood pressure.
The ebola virus is spread by direct contact with blood or body fluids (ie. sweat, blood, saliva, 점액, vomit, 눈물, urine etc.) with a human or animal that is infected. The virus can also be transmitted through a contact with surface that has been recently contaminated. BVD can also spread from breast milk or semen for several weeks to months after the patient experiences recovery. Ebola’s original carriers are believed to be fruit bats, which are able to spread the virus without being affected by it. Human became infected by having contact with these bats, or living and dead animals that were infected by these bats. After humans are infected they tend to spread Ebola with other humans. Diseases such as cholera, malaria and meningitis , all resemble EVD’s spread pattern. Blood samples taken from test are analyzed for RNA, viral antibodies to confirm this diagnosis.
To control the spread of eblola, and other similar outbreaks, states and countries, must coordinate medical services as well as, is inform and engage their population. Medical services attempt to rapidly detect the virus, 만큼 잘, 감염과 접촉 한 사람들의 행동 연락처 추적. People who are suspected of having ebola must be tested as soon as possible with quick laboratory access. 누군가가 에볼라으로 사망 한 경우, 의료 서비스는 신체의 처분의 적절한주의를 기울여야한다, 화장 또는 매장을 통해.
Handling of any potentially infected animals must be with protective clothing covering the face with mask and goggles and hands with gloves, 더 피부가 노출되지되면서. 어떤 체액의 샘플은 신중하게 처리해야합니다. 잠재적 인 넓은 확산 발생을 방지하기 위해, 의료 서비스 국가는 효과적인 의료 격리 절차를 통합하는 시도해야. 아프리카의 많은 국가, 에볼라의 확산을 포함 할 수 없습니다했다. 기니에서, 발발은 매장 의식 중에 감염된 시체와 유엔 제한된 접촉에 따라 발생한 것으로 생각됩니다.
현재 에볼라 사용할 수에 대한 구체적인 치료법이없는. 감염을 치료하는 노력이 지원됩니다 , through oral re-hydration therapy, or intravenous fluids. The symptoms are treated rather than the virus itself. These supportive care treatments tends improves patient outcomes. Ebola has a high risk of death, killing between 25% and 90% of those infected with the virus. The average rate of death is at 50%. EVD was first identified in Sudan, then Democratic Republic of Congo. This disease occurs in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa. As of October 25th, 2014 this outbreak has caused nearly 14,000 cases and 5,000 deaths.