Keeping Your Cholesterol In Check

Keeping track of your blood cholesterol is very important. You can do this learning what cholesterol is and what the body uses it for. Cholesterol is a fat-like waxy, substance that are found in all of your body cells. Cholesterol is used by your body to make hormones, chemicals that digest food and vitamin D. Your body makes enough cholesterol that it needs, However there are some foods where cholesterol is present in them.

Cholesterol will travel through your body’s bloodstream in small lipo-proteins packages. These packages are made of fat (lipids) inside and outside of the cell structure. There are two types of lipo-proteins that hold cholesterol: Low- density (LDL) and high-density lipo-proteins (HDL). It’s important to have healthy levels of both these protein types.

LDL cholesterol is also called “bad” cholesterol because at high levels, LDL can lead to cholesterol buildup with you arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that care your blood form you heart to the rest of your body.

HDL Cholesterol is called “good cholesterol because it moves cholesterol from parts of your body to your liver. Your liver removes cholesterol.

Most people hear about cholesterol in the form of it being too high. So, What is high Cholesterol levels for the blood?

High blood cholesterol happens when you have too much cholesterol inside your blood. There are usually no symptoms or signs that you have high cholesterol, so people may not know that there levels are too high. People with high cholesterol in there blood risk, coronary heart disease or “heart disease”. Which is one the highest causes of death, within the United States. The higher your LDL cholesterol rate in your blood, the more likely you will develop the chance of getting heart disease. The more HDL cholesterol you have in your blood the lower your chances are of developing heart disease.

atherosclerosis_2014
Figure A shows where of the heart in the body. Figure B shows a normal coronary artery with normal blood flow. The inset image shows a cross-section of a normal coronary artery. Figure C shows a coronary artery narrowed by plaque. The buildup of plaque limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood through the artery. The inset image shows a cross-section of the plaque-narrowed artery.

Coronary heat disease happens when plaque begins to build up inside your coronary or “heart” arteries. Plaque is essentially fat, calcium, and cholesterol, with a few other substances. This is called atherosclerosis when there is a buildup of plaque.

If left untreated, over time plaque will harden and narrow your coronary artery and limit the flow of blood to the heart.The plaque can break open the and cause a blood clot to form on the surface of the artery. This will lead to chest pains, these can be an Angina that may feel like pressure or squeezing on the chest. However, you may feel this pressure and pain in your back, neck arms, shoulders and jaw. Often you may feel the symptoms of indigestion.Heart attacks occur when the flow of oxygen is cut off from the heart, which can lead to death

In order to prevent these from happening, its important that you monitor your cholesterol numbers. cholesterol levels are measured with milligrams (mg). per deciliter (dL)of blood. In Europe it is (mmoL)

e.

Total cholesterol
(U.S. and some other countries)
Total cholesterol*
(Canada and most of Europe)
Below 200 mg/dL Below 5.2 mmol/L Desirable
200-239 mg/dL 5.2-6.2 mmol/L Borderline high
240 mg/dL and above Above 6.2 mmol/L High

 

LDL cholesterol
(U.S. and some other countries)
LDL cholesterol*
(Canada and most of Europe)
Below 70 mg/dL Below 1.8 mmol/L Ideal for people at very high risk of heart disease
Below 100 mg/dL Below 2.6 mmol/L Ideal for people at risk of heart disease
100-129 mg/dL 2.6-3.3 mmol/L Near ideal
130-159 mg/dL 3.4-4.1 mmol/L Borderline high
160-189 mg/dL 4.1-4.9 mmol/L High
190 mg/dL and above Above 4.9 mmol/L Very high

 

HDL cholesterol
(U.S. and some other countries)
HDL cholesterol*
(Canada and most of Europe)
Below 40 mg/dL (men)
Below 50 mg/dL (women)
Below 1 mmol/L (men)
Below 1.3 mmol/L (women)
Poor
40-49 mg/dL (men)
50-59 mg/dL (women)
1-1.3 mmol/L (men)
1.3-1.5 mmol/L (women)
Better
60 mg/dL and above 1.6 mmol/L and above Best

 

Triglycerides
(U.S. and some other countries)
Triglycerides*
(Canada and most of Europe)
Below 150 mg/dL Below 1.7 mmol/L Desirable
150-199 mg/dL 1.7-2.2 mmol/L Borderline high
200-499 mg/dL 2.3-5.6 mmol/L High
500 mg/dL and above Above 5.6 mmol/L and above Very high

 

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