エボラウイルスとは何ですか (エボラ出血熱)

Symptoms of the ebola virus
Symptoms of the Ebola Virus

The ebola virus disease or EVD is a disease which affects humans and other primates, that is caused by Ebolavirus. The symptoms from ebola can start anywhere between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus. These symptoms are much like sudden influenza: a fever, that can range around 38.3 °C (100.9 °F), 喉の痛み, muscle pain and a headache. Patients can experience shortness of breath, confusion and dizziness. Soon after maculopaplar rashes appear, diarrhea and vomiting starts, along with decrease in liver and kidney functions. Some people will experience internal and external bleeding. 喀血, vomiting blood or blood in stool, as well as bleeding into the white of the eyes may also occur. Death can occur between 6 そして 16 days after systems due to fluid loss inducing low blood pressure.

The ebola virus is spread by direct contact with blood or body fluids (ie. sweat, 血液, saliva, 粘液, vomit, 涙, urine etc.) with a human or animal that is infected. The virus can also be transmitted through a contact with surface that has been recently contaminated. BVD can also spread from breast milk or semen for several weeks to months after the patient experiences recovery. Ebola’s original carriers are believed to be fruit bats, which are able to spread the virus without being affected by it. Human became infected by having contact with these bats, or living and dead animals that were infected EbolaCycleby these bats. After humans are infected they tend to spread Ebola with other humans. Diseases such as cholera, malaria and meningitis , all resemble EVD’s spread pattern. Blood samples taken from test are analyzed for RNA, viral antibodies to confirm this diagnosis.

To control the spread of eblola, and other similar outbreaks, states and countries, must coordinate medical services as well as, is inform and engage their population. Medical services attempt to rapidly detect the virus, as well as, conduct contact tracing of those who have come in contact with the infection. People who are suspected of having ebola must be tested as soon as possible with quick laboratory access. If someone has died from ebola, medical services must take proper care of the disposal of the body, through cremation or burial.

任意の潜在的に感染した動物の取り扱いは、手袋とマスクとゴーグルと手で顔を覆う保護服でなければなりません, 何の皮膚が露出していないされていると. 任意の体液のサンプルは、慎重に扱わなければなりません. 潜在的な普及の発生を回避するために、, 医療サービスを持つ国は、効果的な医療アイソレーション手順を組み込むことを試みなければなりません. アフリカの多くの国, エボラの普及が含まれていることができていません. ギニア, 流行は、埋葬の儀式中に感染した死体と非制限接触に基づいて発生したと考えられています.

現在利用可能なエボラのための具体的な治療法はありません. 感染を治療するための努力がサポートされています。 , 経口再水和療法による, または静脈内流体. 症状は、ウイルス自体ではなく、処理されます. 傾向があるこれらの支持療法の治療は、患者の転帰を改善します. エボラは、死亡のリスクが高いです, 間を殺害 25% そして 90% ウイルスに感染したものの. 死亡率は平均であります 50%. EVDは、最初のスーダンで同定されました, コンゴ民主共和国のその後. この病気は、サハラ以南のアフリカの熱帯地域で発生します. 10月25日の時点で, 2014 この流行はほとんど発生しています 14,000 例と 5,000 死亡.