子癇前症および子癇

What are Preeclampsia and Eclampsia

Preeclampsia and eclampsia are a disease of pregnancy that includes the development or increasing level of 高血圧 throughout the second half of pregnancy. 子癇前症, 歴史的に呼ばれます “妊娠中毒症” 子癇と呼ばれる、より危険な状態に成長することがあり. 子癇は子癇前症の症状を含み、, 発作と一緒に.

これらの条件, 彼らが開発したときに, 後に発生 20 妊娠の週. They also may form quickly after delivery. In very isolated circumstances, they occur before 20 妊娠の週.

High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (貧血の原因となります), as well as upsetting liver function and reduced platelets (the blood cells involved in clotting). Too few platelets can raise your risk of bleeding uncontrollably during delivery, or even spontaneously. また, the high blood pressure may cause the placenta to begin to separate from the wall of the uterus because of a placental abruption. This can cause severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.

If you begin suffering from seizures with a severe form of preeclampsia, you are considered to have eclampsia. This is a life-threating situation for you and your baby. During a seizure, you and your baby are at risk of being denied oxygen.

Who Gets Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
Preeclampsia affects 3% に 5% 米国内のすべての妊娠. 任意の妊娠中の女性が子癇前症を得ることができます, しかし、あなたは場合子癇前症を発症するリスクが高いです:

    • あなたは、あなたの最初の妊娠を経験しています
    • あなたの母親や妹は自分の妊娠中に子癇前症または子癇苦しん.
    • あなたが双子を妊娠しています/
    • あなたは - アメリカ、アフリカです
    • あなたは既に高血圧を持っています, 糖尿病, または腎臓病
    • あなたは年齢の下にあります 20 以上 40 あなたの妊娠中歳.

あなたは、前の妊娠中に子癇前症を持っています.

    • あなたは、ボディマス指数を持っています (BMI) より大きい 30 before becoming pregnant.

 

What Causes Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
The Causes of preeclampsia is still not well understood. Most throwers focus on abnormal placental development, 免疫システム, blood vessel disruption or other energetic factors. Eclampsia frequently develops when preeclampsia goes unnoticed and untreated.

Can You prevent Preeclampsia >
You can currently prevent pre eclampsia, But researchers are trying to determine if it is possible. One body of research shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Another study shows that overweight or obese women who gained fewer than 15 pounds during pregnancy had a lower risk of preeclampsia. Be sure to review this with your doctor before making any changes.

What Else Can I Do?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.

You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.

Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:

  • Your blood
  • Your Blood pressure
  • Protein levels in your urine
  • How fast your baby is growing
  • Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell

Track your blood pressure and weight. If you had high blood pressure before your pregnancy, be sure to communicate this with your doctor at your first appointment. Your physician may want you to track your weight and blood pressure in between your visits.

 

Are There Treatment Options for Preeclampsia?
If you develop mild preeclampsia, your physician may Reducing Blood pressure To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking additional dosages of calcium or aspirn., or lying on your left side when you rest,

want you to be less active. 特定の例において、, you may need medication, bed rest, or hospitalization, especially if you have severe preeclampsia.

Delivery. The only way to prevent preeclampsia entirely, しかし, is to have your baby. To keep you both you and your child healthy, your doctor may want to induce labor so that you will have the baby earlier than your due date. You may require medication to lower your blood pressure when you deliver.
Depending on how healthy you and your baby are, your doctor may want to have a cesarean instead of vaginal delivery.
After childbirth. Preeclampsia may require that you stay in the optical longer after you give birth. Your blood pressure should return to a normal level within a few week following the delivery. And pre eclampsia usually do not increase your risk for high blood pressure in the future.

妊娠糖尿病とは何ですか