Որն է gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea է սեռական ճանապարհով փոխանցվող հիվանդություն (STD) միկրոբ է, որ կարող է վարակել երկու կանայք եւ տղամարդիկ. Gonorrhea առավել հաճախ ազդում է միզուկի, rectum կամ կոկորդի, կանանց, gonorrhea կարող է նաեւ ազդել են cervix. Այն կարող է արտադրել վարակների սեռական օրգանների, rectum, եւ կոկորդի; Տարածված վարակը երիտասարդների համար, ընդհանուր առմամբ, շուրջ տարեկանում 15-24 տարի.

Թե ինչպես է gonorrhea տարածումը?
Դուք ստանում եք gonorrhea ունենալով հեշտոցային, or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea. Babies can be infected through childbirth if their mothers are infected. է նորածինների, gonorrhea most commonly affects the eyes.
Gonorrhea is a well-known infection that, in many cases, causes no symptoms. You may not even know that you are infected. The best methods of protection would be to abstain from sex or use a condom if you have sex. Be in a mutually monogamous relationship are the best ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections.


Gonorrhea Symptoms
Շատ դեպքերում, gonorrhea infection produces no symptoms. When symptoms do appear, gonorrhea infection can affect multiple sites in your body, but it commonly appears in the genital tract.

  • Gonorrhea affecting the genital tract
  • SIgn and symptoms of gonorrhea infection in men include.
  • ցավալի է urination
  • White, yellow or green discharge from the penis
  • Pus-like secretion from the tip of the penis
  • Pain or inflammation in one testicle.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea infection in women include:

  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding between your periods, such as after vaginal intercourse
  • ցավալի է urination
  • ցավոտ շփում
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Gonorrhea can also affect these parts of body
  • Rectum – Signs, and symptoms include anal itching, Pus discharge from the rectum, spot of bright red blood on toilet tissue and having to strain during bowel movements.
  • EyesGonorrhea that affects your eyes may cause eye pain, sensitive to light, and pus-like discharge from one of both eyes.
  • Throat-Signs and symptoms of a throat infection may include a sore include a sore throat and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
  • You may have soreness in different parts of the body.

Երբ պետք է բժշկի
Schedule a time with your physician if you notice any troubling signs or symptoms such as a painful burning sensation when you urinate or a pus-like secretion from your penis vagina or rectum.
նույնպես, make an appointment with your physician if your partner has been diagnosed with gonorrhea. You may not encounter signs or symptoms that prompted you to seek medical observation. Բայց առանց բուժման, you can reinfect your partner even after she or he has been treated for gonorrhea.
Պատճառները
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria are most often transferred from one person to somone else during sexual contact, including oral, անալ, vaginal intercourse.

ռիսկի գործոնները

  • Factors that may increase your risk of gonorrhea infection include;
  • A sex partner
  • A sex partner who has concurrent partners
  • Previous gonorrhea diagnosis
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Previous gonorrhea diagnosis
  • Having other sexually transmitted infections

բարդություններ
Untreated gonorrhea can start significant complications, ինչպես, օրինակ,:
Infertility in women. Untreated gonorrhea կարող է տարածվել արգանդի խաղալիքներ, պատճառելով pelvic բորբոքային հիվանդություն (PID), որը կարող է հանգեցնել scarring, խաղալիքներ, մեծ վտանգ հղիության բարդությունների եւ անպտղության. PID է լուրջ վարակ է, որը պահանջում է անհապաղ բուժում.

Անպտղությունը տղամարդկանց. Տղամարդկանց հետ untreated gonorrhea կարող զգալ epididymitis բորբոքում մի փոքրիկ coiled խողովակի հետեւի տարածաշրջանում ամորձիների որտեղ սպերմատոզոիդի ducts գտնվում են (epididymis). Epididymitis է բուժել, բայց եթե ձախ untreated, դա կարող է հանգեցնել անպտղության ուշ.
Infection that progressed to the joints and other regions of your body. The bacterium that produces gonorrhea can spread through the bloodstream and contaminate other parts of your body, including your joints, տենդ, skin sores, rash, համատեղ ցավը, stiffness are possible results.

Increased risk of HIV/AIDS. Having gonorrhea makes you more at risk for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (ՄԻԱՎ-ի) the virus that leads to AIDS. People who have both gonorrhea and have been to pass both diseases more readily to their partners.


ախտորոշում
To ascertain whether the gonorrhea bacterium exists in your body, your doctor will analyze a sample of cells; Samples can be collected by:

մեզի փորձարկում, The may help bacteria your urethra.
Sweb of the affected area, A swab of your throat, urethra, vagina or rectum may accumulate bacteria that can be distinguished in a laboratory.

For women, there are home test kits available for gonorrhea. Home test kits are available of gonorrhea. Home test kist includes vaginal swabs for self-testing that are sent to a particular lab for testing. If you prefer, you can arrange to be notified by email or text message when your results are ready, You may want the view your results online or receive them by calling a toll-free hotline.

Testing Your may recommend the test for other sexually transmitted infections. Gonorrhea increases your risk of these infections, particularly chlamydia, which often accompanies gonorrhea. Testing of HIV also is recommended for anyone diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease. Depending on your risk factors, test for additional sexually transmitted infection could be beneficial as well.

Gonorrhea treatment
Adults with gonorrhea are treated with antibiotics. Due to arising strains of drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhea, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that uncomplicated gonorrhea is treated only with the antibiotic ceftriaxone. – given as an injection 0 in combination with either azithromycin (zithromax, Zimax) or doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin, մյուսները) – two antibiotics that are taken through the mouth.

Some studies indicate that oral gemifloxaixn (Factive) or injectable gentamicin combined with oral azithromycin, is highly successful in treating gonorrhea. This treatment may be beneficial in treating individuals who are allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone.

Gonorrhea treatment for partners
Your partners also should undergo testing and treatment for gonorrhea, even if he or she does not have signs or symptoms. Your partner should get the same treatment you do. Even if you have been treated for gonorrhea, you can be reinfected if your partner isn’t treated.
Gonorrhea treatment for babies
Children born to a mother with gonorrhea get medicine in their eyes soon after birth to prevent infection. If an eye infection develops, infants can be treated with antibiotics.

Այն բանից հետո, բուժման, When can I have sex again?
You should wait for seven days after finishing all medications before having sex again. To avoid getting infected with gonorrhea again or spreading gonorrhea to your partner (S), you and your sex partners should avoid having sex until you have each completed treatment. If you’ve had gonorrhea and took medicine in the past, you can still get infected again if you have unprotected sex with a person who has gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea Prevention
Take steps to reduce your risk of gonorrhea:
Use a latex condom correctly, if you choose to have sexAbstaining from sex the surest way to block gonorrhea. But if you choose to have sex, use a condom while having sexual contact, this anal sex or vaginal sex.

Ask your partner to be examined for sexually transmitted infections, Find out whether your partner has been examined for sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea. If not, ask whether he or she would be open be tested.

Don’t have sex with someone who has any usual symptoms. If your partner has signs or symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection, such as burning during urination of a genital rash or sore, don;t have sex with that person.

Consider regular gonorrhea screening. Տարեկան ցուցադրություն, որը խորհուրդ է տրվում բոլոր սեռական ակտիվ կանանց ավելի քիչ է, քան 25 տարեկան եւ ավելի հին կանանց բարձր ռիսկի վարակի, ինչպես, օրինակ, նրանք, ովքեր ունեն նոր զուգընկեր, կամ բազմակի սեռական գործընկերներ, սեքս գործընկեր այլ գործընկերների հետ, կամ սեռից գործընկերը, ով ունի սեռական ճանապարհով փոխանցվող վարակի.

Ռեժիմ ցուցադրություն է նաեւ կոչ է արել տղամարդկանց համար, ովքեր ունեն սեռական տղամարդկանց հետ, ինչպես նաեւ իրենց գործընկերների.

Կանխելու համար reinfection հետ gonorrhea, refrain from unprotected sex for seven days after your and your sex partner have completed treatment and after resolution of symptoms, if present