The ebola virus disease or EVD is a disease which affects humans and other primates, कि Ebolavirus के कारण होता है. इबोला से लक्षण वायरस करार के बाद दो दिन और तीन सप्ताह के बीच कहीं भी शुरू कर सकते हैं. ये लक्षण अचानक इन्फ्लूएंजा की तरह कर रहे हैं: बुखार, that can range around 38.3 °C (100.9 °F), गले में खराश, मांसपेशियों में दर्द और सिर में दर्द. मरीजों को सांस की तकलीफ का अनुभव कर सकते, भ्रम और चक्कर आना. इसके तुरंत बाद maculopaplar चकत्ते दिखाई, दस्त और उल्टी शुरू होता है, जिगर और गुर्दे कार्यों में कमी के साथ-साथ. Some people will experience internal and external bleeding. खूनी खाँसी, मल में रक्त या खून की उल्टी, साथ ही आंखों की सफेद में खून बह रहा है के रूप में भी हो सकती है. मौत के बीच हो सकता है 6 and 16 द्रव नुकसान की वजह से सिस्टम के बाद के दिनों निम्न रक्तचाप उत्प्रेरण.
The ebola virus is spread by direct contact with blood or body fluids (अर्थात. sweat, रक्त, लार, बलगम, उलटी करना, आँसू, मूत्र आदि) एक मानव या पशु कि संक्रमित है साथ. The virus can also be transmitted through a contact with surface that has been recently contaminated. BVD can also spread from breast milk or semen for several weeks to months after the patient experiences recovery. Ebola’s original carriers are believed to be fruit bats, which are able to spread the virus without being affected by it. Human became infected by having contact with these bats, or living and dead animals that were infected by these bats. After humans are infected they tend to spread Ebola with other humans. Diseases such as cholera, malaria and meningitis , all resemble EVD’s spread pattern. Blood samples taken from test are analyzed for RNA, viral antibodies to confirm this diagnosis.
To control the spread of eblola, and other similar outbreaks, states and countries, must coordinate medical services as well as, is inform and engage their population. Medical services attempt to rapidly detect the virus, साथ ही साथ, conduct contact tracing of those who have come in contact with the infection. People who are suspected of having ebola must be tested as soon as possible with quick laboratory access. If someone has died from ebola, medical services must take proper care of the disposal of the body, through cremation or burial.
Handling of any potentially infected animals must be with protective clothing covering the face with mask and goggles and hands with gloves, with no skin being exposed. Samples of any body fluids must be handled carefully. To avoid potential wide spread outbreaks, countries with medical services must try to incorporate effective medical isolation procedures. Many countries in Africa, have not be able to contain the spread of Ebola. In Guinea, the outbreak is believed to have occurred based on un-restricted contact with infected corpse during burial rituals.
Currently there are no specific treatments for ebola available. The efforts to treat the infected are supported , through oral re-hydration therapy, or intravenous fluids. The symptoms are treated rather than the virus itself. These supportive care treatments tends improves patient outcomes. Ebola has a high risk of death, killing between 25% and 90% of those infected with the virus. The average rate of death is at 50%. EVD was first identified in Sudan, then Democratic Republic of Congo. This disease occurs in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa. As of October 25th, 2014 this outbreak has caused nearly 14,000 cases and 5,000 deaths.