What is Gestational Diabetes

whatisgestationaldiabetesGestational ડાયાબિટીસ forms during pregnancy (gestation). Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes influences how your cells use sugar (glucose). Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby’s heath.

The pregnancy complication is concerning, but there’s good news, Expectant moms can help manage gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if needed, taking medication. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and keep you and your baby healthy.

In gestational diabetes, blood sugar normally returns to normal soon after delivery, But if you have had gestational diabetes. You are in jeopardy of type 2 ડાયાબિટીસ. You continue working with your health care team to monitor and manage your blood sugar.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

For most women, gestational diabetes does not produce noticeable signs of symptoms.

જ્યારે તમે ડૉક્ટર જોવું જોઈએ?

If it is possible, you should seek health care early, when you first consider attempting pregnancyso your doctor can assess your risk of gestational diabetes as part of your doctor can estimate your risk of gestational diabetes as a component of your overall childbearing wellness plan. એકવાર તમે ગર્ભવતી હો, તમારા ડોક્ટર સગર્ભાવસ્થા સમયના ડાયાબિટીસ સંબોધવા કરશે; તમારા વધુ વારંવાર તપાસને જરૂર પડી શકે છે. આ જ્યારે તમારા ડૉક્ટર તમારી લોહીમાં શર્કરાના સ્તરને અને તમારા બાળકના સ્વાસ્થ્ય પર નજર રાખવા પડશે સૌથી ગર્ભાવસ્થાના છેલ્લા ત્રણ મહિના દરમિયાન થાય તેવી શક્યતા છે.

તમારા ડોક્ટર કોણ ડાયાબિટીસ વિશેષતા વધારાની આરોગ્ય વ્યાવસાયિક તમે ઉલ્લેખ કરી શકે છે, એક endocrinologist જેમ, ડાયાબિટીસ શિક્ષક, અથવા રજીસ્ટર dietitian. તેઓ તમને તમારા ગર્ભાવસ્થા દરમ્યાન તમારી રક્ત ખાંડ સ્તર મેનેજ કરવા તે જાણવા સુધારી શકે.

To ensure that your blood sugar levels have returned to normal after your baby is born, your heath care team will check your blood sugar right after delivery and again within six weeks. Once you have gestational diabetes, it is a good idea to have your blood sugar level tested regularly.

The frequency of blood sugar test will in part depend on your test results soon after you deliver your baby.

The frequency you have blood sugar test will in part depend on you test results soon after you deliver your baby.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Researchers do not know why some women develop gestational diabetes. To understand how gestational diabetes occurs, it can help to understand how urgency affects your body’s glucose processing.

Your body digest the food your eat to produce sugar (glucose) that enters your bloodstream. IN response, your pancreasa large gland behind your stomach- produces insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose movement from your bloodstream into your body’s cells, where it’s used as energy.

સગર્ભાવસ્થા દરમિયાન, the placenta, which appends your baby to your blood supply, provides high levels of numerous other hormones. Nearly all of them impair the action of insulin in your cells, raising tour blood user. Modest elevation of blood sugar after meals is typical during pregnancy.
As your baby grows, the placenta creates more insulin-blocking hormones. In gestational diabetes, the placental hormones stimulate an increase in blood sugar to a level that can influence the growth and welfare of your baby. Gestational diabetes normally develops during the last half of pregnancy, sometimes as early as the 20th week, but not until later.

gestational-diabetes-mellitરિસ્ક ફેક્ટર્સ
Any woman can form gestational diabetes, but certain women are at greater risk. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:

Age greater than 25 વર્ષ: Women over the age 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
Family or personal health history. You are at risk of forming gestational diabetes if you have pre-diabetesslightly raised blood sugar that may be a precursor to type 2 ડાયાબિટીસ. Or if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 ડાયાબિટીસ. You are more inclined to develop gestational diabetes if you had it during a past pregnancy, if you delivered a baby who weighed more than 9 પાઉન્ડ (41 kilograms) or if you had an unexplained stillbirth.
Excess weight, You are more likely to develop gestational diabetes if you are extremely overweight with a body mass index (BMI) ના 30 or higher.
Non-caucasian race- for reasons that are unclear women who are Hispanic, Asian, Hispanic, Black or American Native are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.

Complications of Gestational Diabetes

Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. જોકે, gestational diabetes that not carefully managed can lead to uncontrolled blood sugar levels and cause problems for you as well as the baby, including an increased likelihood of needing a C-section to deliver.
A complication that can get pregnant your increased risk of:
Excessive birth weight. તમારા લોહીના પ્રવાહમાં માં વિશેષ ગ્લુકોઝ સ્તન્ય પ્રાણીઓમાં ગર્ભમાં રહેલા બચ્ચાની રક્ષા માટેનું આચ્છાદન પાર, તમારા બાળકના સ્વાદુપિંડ વધારાની ઇન્સ્યુલિન બનાવવા માટે કારણ બની શકે છે. આ કરી શકો છો તમારા બાળકના ખૂબ મોટી વધવા (મેક્રોસોમિયા). ખૂબ મોટા બાળકો – તે વજન 9 પાઉન્ડ કે તેનાથી વધુ- વધુ જન્મ નહેર માં wedged બની તેવી શક્યતા છે, તેમજ જન્મ ઇજાઓ ટકાવી, અથવા કદાચ કારણ કે સી કલમ ડિલિવરી જરૂર.
તમે એક માતાના હાઈ બ્લડ ખાંડ શરૂઆતમાં શ્રમ તેના જોખમ વધી અને તેના કારણે તારીખ પહેલાં તેના બાળક પહોંચાડવા શકે. અથવા તેણીના ફિઝિશિયન બાળક મોટા કદને કારણે પહેલી ડિલિવરી ભલામણ કરી શકે છે.

લોહીમાં શર્કરાની ઓછી માત્રા (હાઈપોગ્લાયકેમિઆ. ક્યારેક સગર્ભાવસ્થા સમયે ડાયાબિટીસ ધરાવતી માતાના બાળકો લોહીમાં શર્કરાની ઓછી માત્રા વિકાસ (હાઈપોગ્લાયકેમિઆ) ટૂંક સમયમાં જન્મ પછી કારણ કે તેમના ઇન્સ્યુલિનના ઉત્પાદનને ઉત્તેજિત ઊંચી હોય છે. હાઈપોગ્લાયકેમિઆ ગંભીર એપિસોડ બાળક જ હુમલા ઉત્તેજિત કરી શકે છે. તાત્કાલિક ખોરાક અને ક્યારેક એક નસમાં ગ્લુકોઝ પ્રવાહી બાળકના લોહીમાં શર્કરાના સ્તર પાછા આવી શકો છો સરેરાશ.
પ્રકાર 2 પછીના જીવનમાં ડાયાબિટીસ, Babies of the mother who has gestational diabetes have a higher risk of forming obesity and type 2 પછીના જીવનમાં ડાયાબિટીસ.

Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.

Complications that may affect the mother

Gestational diabetes may also increase the mother’s danger of:
High blood pressure and preeclampsia. Gestational diabetes raises your risk of high blood pressure, as well as preeclampsiaa severe complication of pregnancy that induces high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten the lives of both mother baby.
Future diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, you are more inclined to form type two diabetes as you get older. જોકે, deciding on healthy lifestyle choices such as eating healthy foods and exercising can help reduce the risk of future type two diabetes.

Of the women with a history of gestational diabetes who reach their desired body weight after delivery, fewer than 1 માં 4 will eventually develop type 2 ડાયાબિટીસ.

Gestational Diabetes Test and Diagnosis

Medical experts have not determined on a single set of screening guidelines for gestational diabetes. Some question whether gestational diabetes screening is needed if you are younger than 25 and have no risk. Some say that screening all pregnant women is the most effective way to distinguish all cases of gestational diabetes.

When to screen
Your doctor will likely assess your risk factors for gestational diabetes early in your pregnancy.

જો તમે સગર્ભાવસ્થા સમયના ડાયાબિટીસ ઊંચા જોખમ, કે તમારા BMI પહેલાં ગર્ભાવસ્થા છે 30 or higher, માતા હોય, પિતા, ભાઈ અથવા ડાયાબિટીસ સાથે બાળક, તમારા ડૉક્ટર તમારી પ્રસૂતિ પહેલાંની પ્રથમ મુલાકાત સમયે ડાયાબિટીસ માટે પરીક્ષણ કરી શકે છે.

તમે સગર્ભાવસ્થાના ડાયાબિટીસની સરેરાશ જોખમ હોય તો, તમે સંભવિત તમારા બીજા ત્રિમાસિકમાં દરમિયાન સ્ક્રિનિંગ પરિક્ષણ હોય, પહેલાં 23 અને 28 ગર્ભાવસ્થાના અઠવાડિયા.

સગર્ભાવસ્થાના ડાયાબિટીસ માટેનું નિયમિત તપાસ.
પ્રારંભિક શર્કરા પડકાર પરિક્ષણ. તમે syrupy ગ્લુકોઝ પ્રવાહી પીવું. એક કલાક પછી, તમે તમારા રક્ત ખાંડ સ્તર નિયમન રક્ત પરીક્ષણ પડશે. A blood sugar level beneath 130 માટે 140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl), અથવા 7.2 માટે 7.8 millsigns_of_gestational_diabetesimoles per liter ( mmol/L) is typically deemed healthy on a glucose challenge test, while this may vary by clinic or lab.

If you your blood sugar level is higher than normal, it only means you have a higher risk of gestational diabetes. You’ll need glucose tolerance test to determine if you have the condition.

Follow-up glucose tolerance testing. You will fast overnight then have your blood sugar levels measured. Then you drink another sweeten solution. This one is indicating a higher concentration of glucose as well as your blood sugar level being checked every hour for three hours. If two of the blood sugar readings are higher than normal, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

What If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
Your doctor will likely recommend that you get frequent checkups, especially during the last three months of your pregnancy. During these exams, your physician will monitor your blood sugar daily as part of a treatment plan.

If you are having trouble managing your blood sugar, you may need to take insulin. If you have other pregnancy complications you, may need an additional test to evaluate your baby’s heath. These tests assess the function fo the placenta. The organ that delivers oxygen and nutrients to your baby by connecting the baby’s blood supply to yours.

If your gestational diabetes is challenging to control, it may affect the placenta and risk the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the baby.

Your physician also will conduct a test to monitor your baby’s well-being during your pregnancy.

Blood sugar testing after you gives birth

Your doctor will check your blood sugar after childbirth and again within six to 12 weeks to ensure that your level has returned to normal. If your test are normal and most are- you will need to have your diabetes risk based at least every three years.

Treatment and Drugs for Gestational diabetes.

It is critical to monitor and regulates your blood sugar to maintain your baby’s health and avoid complications during pregnancy and delivery. You’ll also want to keep a close eye on your expected blood sugar levels. Your treatment strategies may include:

Monitoring your blood sugar, While you are pregnant your health care team may ask you to check your blood sugar for to five times a dayfirst thing in the morning and after meals- to make sure your levels at within a healthy range. This possibly sounds like ancient and difficult but will become easier with practice.

To test your blood sugar, you draw a drop of blood from your finger from a small needle (lancet), then place the blood on a test strip enclosed into a blood glucose meter, a device that measures and displays your blood sugar level.

Your health team will monitor and manage your blood sugar during labor and delivery. If your blood sugar grows, your baby’s pancreas may release high levels of insulinwhich can produce low blood sugar in your baby following birth.

Follow-up blood sugar also checks vital. Having gestational diabetes increase your risk of developing type 2 પછીના જીવનમાં ડાયાબિટીસ. Work with your health care team to keep an eye on your levels. Maintaining health promoting lifestyle habits, such as healthy diet and regular exercise, can help you reduce your risk.

A healthy Diet, Eating the right kinds of foods in health portion is one of the best ways to control your blood sugar and prevent excessive weight gain. Which can put you at higher risk of complications? Doctors don’t advise losing weight during pregnancy- your body is working hard to support your going baby. જોકે, your doctor can help you set weight gain goals based on your weight before pregnancy.

A healthy diet concentrates on fruits, શાકભાજી, and whole grains. Foods that are high in nutrition and fiber and low in fat and calories, and limited refined carbohydrates, comprising sweets. No single diet is right for every woman. You should consider consulting a registered dietitian or diabetes educator to build a meal plan based on your current weight, pregnancy weight gain goals, blood sugar levels, exercise habits, food preferences and budget

કસરત. A regular physical activity represents a key role in every woman’s wellness plan before, during and after pregnancy. Exercise lower your blood sugar by stimulating your body to move glucose into your cells, where it’s used for energy. Exercise also increase your cell’s sensitive to insulin, which means your body will need to produce less insulin to transport sugar.

As a bonus, regular exercise can help relieve some common discomforts of pregnancy, including back pain, muscle cramps, સોજો, trouble sleeping and constipation. Exercise can also contribute to get you in shape for the hard work of labor and delivery.

With your doctor’s OK, aim for somewhat vigorous excise on most days of the week. If you have not been active for a while, start gently and build up gradually. વોકીંગ, cycling and swimming are excellent choices during urgency. Everyday activities such as housework and gardening also count.

દવાનોIf diet and exercise are not enough, you may need insulin injections to lower your blood sugar. Between 10 અને 20 percent of woman with gestational diabetes need insulin to achieve their blood sugar goals. કેટલાક ડોક્ટરો મૌખિક રીતે રક્ત ખાંડ નિયંત્રણ દવા નિયુક્ત, જ્યારે અન્ય માને વધુ અભ્યાસ ખાતરી કરવા માટે કે જે મૌખિક દવાઓ સુરક્ષિત તરીકે અને સગર્ભાવસ્થા સમયના ડાયાબિટીસ નિયંત્રિત કરવા માટે ઇન્જેક્ટેબલ ઇન્સ્યુલિન તરીકે અસરકારક છે માટે જરૂરી છે.

તમારા બાળકના બંધ મોનીટરીંગ. તમારી સારવાર યોજના એક આવશ્યક ભાગ તમારા બાળકના અંતિમ નિરીક્ષણ છે. તમારા ડૉક્ટર તમારી બાળકના વિકાસ અને સંબંધિત ચરમપંથી અથવા અન્ય પરીક્ષણ સાથે વિકાસ મોનીટર કરી શકે છે. તમે તમારા કારણે તારીખ દ્વારા શ્રમ જાય ન હોય તો – or sometime earlier your doctor may induce labor. Delivery after your date may increase the risk of complications for you and your baby.