La prééclampsie et l'éclampsie sont une maladie de la grossesse qui comprend le développement ou le niveau croissant de high blood pressure throughout the second half of pregnancy. prééclampsie, historically called “toxemia of pregnancy” may grow into the more critical condition called eclampsia. Eclampsia comprises symptoms of preeclampsia, along with seizures.
These conditions, when they develop, occur after 20 semaines de grossesse. They also may form quickly after delivery. In very isolated circumstances, they occur before 20 semaines de grossesse.
High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (causing anemia), as well as upsetting liver function and reduced platelets (the blood cells involved in clotting). Too few platelets can raise your risk of bleeding uncontrollably during delivery, or even spontaneously. Also, the high blood pressure may cause the placenta to begin to separate from the wall of the uterus because of a placental abruption. This can cause severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.
If you begin suffering from seizures with a severe form of preeclampsia, you are considered to have eclampsia. This is a life-threating situation for you and your baby. During a seizure, you and your baby are at risk of being denied oxygen.
Who Gets Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
Preeclampsia affects 3% to 5% of all pregnancies in the US. Any pregnant woman can get preeclampsia, but you are at increased risk of developing preeclampsia if:
- Your are experiencing your first pregnancy
- Your mother or sister suffered from preeclampsia or eclampsia during their pregnancies.
- You are pregnant with twins/
- You are African -American
- You already have high blood pressure, diabetes, or kidney disease
- You are under age 20 or over 40 years old during your pregnancy.
You have preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy.
- You have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 before becoming pregnant.
What Causes Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
The Causes of preeclampsia is still not well understood. Most throwers focus on abnormal placental development, système immunitaire, blood vessel disruption or other energetic factors. Eclampsia frequently develops when preeclampsia goes unnoticed and untreated.
Can You prevent Preeclampsia >
You can currently prevent pre eclampsia, But researchers are trying to determine if it is possible. One body of research shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Another study shows that overweight or obese women who gained fewer than 15 pounds during pregnancy had a lower risk of preeclampsia. Be sure to review this with your doctor before making any changes.
What Else Can I Do?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.
You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.
Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:
- Your blood
- Your Blood pressure
- Protein levels in your urine
- How fast your baby is growing
- Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell
Track your blood pressure and weight. If you had high blood pressure before your pregnancy, be sure to communicate this with your doctor at your first appointment. Your physician may want you to track your weight and blood pressure in between your visits.
Are There Treatment Options for Preeclampsia?
If you develop mild preeclampsia, your physician may Reducing Blood pressure – To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking additional dosages of calcium or aspirn., or lying on your left side when you rest,
want you to be less active. In certain cases, you may need medication, bed rest, or hospitalization, especially if you have severe preeclampsia.
Delivery. The only way to prevent preeclampsia entirely, bien que, is to have your baby. To keep you both you and your child healthy, your doctor may want to induce labor so that you will have the baby earlier than your due date. You may require medication to lower your blood pressure when you deliver.
Depending on how healthy you and your baby are, your doctor may want to have a cesarean instead of vaginal delivery.
After childbirth. La prééclampsie peut exiger que vous restez dans le optique plus après l'accouchement. Votre tension artérielle devrait revenir à un niveau normal dans un quelques semaines après la livraison. Et prééclampsie n'augmentent généralement pas le risque de l'hypertension artérielle dans l'avenir.