Preeclampsia and eclampsia are a disease of pregnancy that includes the development or increasing level of high blood pressure throughout the second half of pregnancy. preeclampsia, historically called “toxemia of pregnancy” may grow into the more critical condition called eclampsia. Eclampsia comprises symptoms of preeclampsia, along with seizures.
These conditions, when they develop, occur after 20 uger af graviditeten. They also may form quickly after delivery. In very isolated circumstances, they occur before 20 uger af graviditeten.
High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (causing anemia), as well as upsetting liver function and reduced platelets (the blood cells involved in clotting). Too few platelets can raise your risk of bleeding uncontrollably during delivery, or even spontaneously. Også, the high blood pressure may cause the placenta to begin to separate from the wall of the uterus because of a placental abruption. This can cause severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.
If you begin suffering from seizures with a severe form of preeclampsia, you are considered to have eclampsia. This is a life-threating situation for you and your baby. During a seizure, you and your baby are at risk of being denied oxygen.
Who Gets Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
Preeclampsia affects 3% til 5% of all pregnancies in the US. Any pregnant woman can get preeclampsia, but you are at increased risk of developing preeclampsia if:
- Your are experiencing your first pregnancy
- Your mother or sister suffered from preeclampsia or eclampsia during their pregnancies.
- You are pregnant with twins/
- Du er afrikansk -American
- Du har allerede højt blodtryk, diabetes, eller nyresygdom
- Du er under alder 20 eller over 40 år i løbet af din graviditet.
Du har præeklampsi i en tidligere graviditet.
- Du har et body mass index (BMI) bedre end 30 før graviditeten.
Hvad er årsagen præeklampsi og eklampsi?
Årsagerne til præeklampsi er stadig ikke godt forstået. De fleste throwers fokus på unormal placenta udvikling, immunsystem, blodkar afbrydelse eller andre energirige faktorer. Eclampsia frequently develops when preeclampsia goes unnoticed and untreated.
Can You prevent Preeclampsia >
You can currently prevent pre eclampsia, But researchers are trying to determine if it is possible. One body of research shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Another study shows that overweight or obese women who gained fewer than 15 pounds during pregnancy had a lower risk of preeclampsia. Be sure to review this with your doctor before making any changes.
What Else Can I Do?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.
You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.
Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:
- Your blood
- Your Blood pressure
- Protein levels in your urine
- How fast your baby is growing
- Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell
Track your blood pressure and weight. If you had high blood pressure before your pregnancy, be sure to communicate this with your doctor at your first appointment. Your physician may want you to track your weight and blood pressure in between your visits.
Are There Treatment Options for Preeclampsia?
If you develop mild preeclampsia, your physician may Reducing Blood pressure – To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking additional dosages of calcium or aspirn., or lying on your left side when you rest,
want you to be less active. I visse tilfælde, you may need medication, bed rest, eller hospitalsindlæggelse, især hvis du har svær præeklampsi.
Levering. Den eneste måde at forhindre præeklampsi helt, selvom, er at have din baby. For at holde dig både dig og dit barn sund, din læge ønsker måske at fremkalde arbejdskraft, så du vil have barnet tidligere end din forfaldsdato. Du kan kræve medicin til at sænke dit blodtryk, når du leverer.
Afhængigt af hvor sunde dig og din baby er, Deres læge vil måske have en kejsersnit i stedet for vaginal fødsel.
efter fødslen. Præeklampsi kan kræve, at du opholder dig i den optiske længere, efter at du føder. Dit blodtryk bør vende tilbage til et normalt niveau inden for et par uger efter leveringen. Og præ eklampsi normalt ikke øge din risiko for højt blodtryk i fremtiden.