Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (Sah)

Subarachnoid haemorrhage defined as a sudden bleeding into the subarachnoid space. The most common cause of spontaneous bleeding is a ruptured aneurysm. Symptoms include sudden, severe headache, usually with loss of consciousness or disorder of consciousness. Secondary vasospasm (which cause focal brain ischemia), neck stiffness and hydrocephalus (the persistent headache and dizziness caused) are common. The diagnosis is made using a CT scan or MRI, in unaffected neuroradiological imaging by…

September 3, 2018
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Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity. Pleural effusions have numerous causes and are usually divided into transudate and exudates. The detection is done by physical examination and chest x-ray. Thoracentesis and laboratory analysis of the pleural fluid are often required to determine the cause. Asymptomatic Transudates must not be treated. Symptomatic Transudates and almost all exudates require thoracentesis, pleural drainage, pleurodesis, pleurectomy or a combination….

September 3, 2018
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Paget’S Disease Of The Bone

(Paget’s disease, osteitis deformans) Paget’s disease of bone is a chronic disease of the adult skeleton, in which bone turnover is accelerated in circumscribed areas. The normal matrix is ??replaced by softer and enlarged bones. The disease can be asymptomatic or lead to gradually occurring bone pain or deformity. Diagnosis is made by radiography. The treatment includes symptomatic treatment and often medication, usually bisphosphonates. About 1% of the adult US…

September 3, 2018
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Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Necrotizing enterocolitis is an acquired disease, especially the preterm or sick newborn, which is characterized by mucous or even deeper intestinal necrosis. It is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in newborns. Symptoms and signs include food intolerance, lethargy, temperature instability, ileus, an abdominal distension, bilious vomiting, bloody stools, apnea and sometimes sepsis characters. The diagnosis is made clinically and confirmed with imaging techniques. The primary therapy is supportive and includes…

September 3, 2018
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Mesothelioma

The pleural mesothelioma is the only known pleura is almost always caused by asbestos exposure. Diagnosis is based on medical history and Röntgenthoraxbild- or CT findings and confirmed by biopsy. The treatment is supportive, which may require surgery, chemotherapy or both. Asbestos is the generic term for naturally occurring fibrous silicates, which are well suited due to their heat resistance and structural properties as construction materials for buildings and ships,…

September 3, 2018
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Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic stroke is sudden neurological deficits due to focal cerebral ischemia with permanent stroke (z. B. positive results in diffusion-weighted MRI). Common causes include atherothrombotic (with decreasing frequency) occlusion of large arteries, cerebral embolism (embolic infarction); nichtthrombotischer closure of small, deep cortical arteries (lacunar infarcts) and proximal arterial stenosis with hypotension, which reduces cerebral blood flow in the edge zones (hemodynamic stroke) is diagnosed clinically, but CT and MRI are…

September 3, 2018
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Inclusion Cysts And Epidermal Cysts Of The Vulva

Inclusion cysts of the vulva contain epithelial tissue; epidermal cysts of the vulva develop from sebaceous glands. Both types of cysts enlarge by filling with cell detritus and may ignite. Inclusion cysts are the most common cysts of the vulva; they also occur in the vagina. They can after trauma (z. B. cuts, Episiotomienaht) are formed, enclosed by the epithelial tissue capable of division of the surface, or may develop…

September 3, 2018
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Hereditary Spherocytosis And Hereditary Elliptocytosis

The hereditary spherocytosis and hereditary elliptocytosis are congenital red cell membrane defects. Her symptoms include anemia of variable severity, jaundice and splenomegaly. Diagnosis requires the detection of reduced osmotic resistance of erythrocytes and a negative direct antiglobulin test. In patients

September 3, 2018
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Hemolytic Anemias Overview

Erythrocytes after their normal service life (about 120 days) from the circulation. When hemolysis a premature degradation of the erythrocytes takes place, and its lifetime is shortened (

September 3, 2018
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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects the exocrine glands, especially the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. It leads to chronic lung disease, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, hepatobiliary disease and pathologically high sweat electrolyte. The diagnosis is made in patients with postiven newborn screening test by means of test welding or by identification of the two mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene (CFTR) or characteristic clinical findings. The treatment…

September 3, 2018
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