If you or a loved one suffer from an injured or strain back, you might be considering buying a back brace or belt to support your lower back.
How do you know what type of back brace that you made need?
Lower back supports can be referred to as back belts or lumbar supports if you have a back injury or a have a job that requires ou to do a consistent amount of lifting you may already be wearing a lower back support.
Back supports provide pressure from outside the body to your body stable and your back safe from straining itself.
The back-back natural have built natural supports in the form of your abdominal muscles, these muscles attach to your lower back fascia, and area also connected to your lower back muscles, which encircle the waist.
When deciding to decide if you want a back brace, there are more than 30 types of back supports available for spine disorders.
This guide will cover the following:
Sacroiliac and Lumbosacral Belts
Neck braces are a used to provide stability of the cervical spine after trauma to the neck, neck surgery or an alternative to surgery. This is the most common type of spinal brace that you will see people wearing. There are several types of neck brace available to wear:
Soft Collar Neck Brace
The soft collar is a flexible brace that is placed around the neck. It is usually used after a more rigid collar has been worn for the significant part of the recovery. It is used before transitioning to wearing no collar.
Philadelphia Collar – This type of collar is a rigid/stiff collar that has a front and back piece that appends with Velcro on the sides. This collar is worn 24 hours a day until the physician instructs you to remove it. The collar is worn in conditions when there is a relative stable cervical (upper spine) fracture, cervical fusion surgery, or a cervical strain.
Sterno-Occipital Mandibular Immobilization Devic (SOMI) – A SOMI is a brace that holds your neck in a straight line that aligns with your spine. It offers rigid support to a bruised neck and prevents the head from moving around with an SOMI brace, and you can not bend or twist the neck. The restriction fo motion helps the bones and muscle to heal from injury or surgery.
By looking at what the names means you can understand that SOMI: “sterno” indicates your upper and middle chest” occipital” is the base of your skull, mandibular” refers to your jaw and chin, and “immobilization” explains the support and movement restriction the brace offers. The SOMI si worn on the parts of the body for which it is named. First, there is a chin portion that the lower jaw rests on. Second, the can piece connects by straps to a headband that is worn across the forehead. Third, the chin piece relates to a chest piece by a front metal extension. Lastly, the chest piece then rests on the upper and middle chest- sort of like a vest. The SOMI connects to the occipital part which supports the base of the head.
The SOMI brace is one of the more complicated and cumbersome than some of the others, although it provides excellent support for an injured neck.
Halo – The primary purpose of the halo is to immobilize the head and neck. The Halo neck brace is the most rigid cervical brace. It is used only after complicated cervical spine surgery or if there is an unstable cervical fracture. The halo looks much like it the word sounds. It is is made with the a titanium ring (halo) the goes around your head., secured to the skull by four metal pins. The ring then connects by four bars to a vest that is worn on the chest. The increases provide the weight to hold the ring and neck steady in place. The halo must be worn 24 hours a day until the spine injury heals.
Trochanteric belts – The trochanteric belt is increases designated for sacroiliac joint pain or pelvic fractures. The belt fits throughout the pelvis, between the trochanter (a bony portion below the neck of you thigh bone) and the iliac (pelvis ridge/crest. It is around five to eight centimeters wide, and it bucks in front, just like a regular belt.
Sacroiliac and Lumbosacral Belts
The lumbosacral belt helps to maintain the lower back. The belts are essentially made of increases cotton strengthened by lightweight stays. The force can be adjusted through laces on the sides of the back of the belt. These belts range in width between 10 to 15 centimeters and 20 to 30 centimeters. The sacroiliac belt is utilized to prevent motion by putting a compressive force on the joint connecting the hip bone and sacrum (base of the spine)
Corset provide rigidity and support for the back. Corset can vary in length. A shorter or longer corset can be prescribed, depending upon your condition. A short corset is normally used for back low pain while a longer one issued for problems in the mid to lower thoracic spine. When people think of corsets, they usually conjure up images of women for an earlier century who them to make their waist look smaller. Now in back treatment cost refer to a type of back brace that extends over the buttocks and often held up by shoulder straps. Similar to corsets used in the past, they lace up from the back, side or front. They are metal stays that provide the appropriate rigidity and support for the back.
These braces are often ordered for low pack pain and instability. Standard back support in rigid frame spinal bracing can provide additional rigidity if needed to support the spine. This support consist of rear uprights that contour the lumbar (lower spine and pelvis, along with thoracic bans. There also fabric straps on the braces that provide pressure on the front. Common types of rigid models are:
Willams Brace – This brace does not have vertical uprights in the center,s o that bending and flexion is allowed.
Chair-back Brace – This is the type of brace immobilizes the lumbar spine in the neutral position. The chair-back is composed to reduce sideways and revolving movement fo the lower spine.
Raney Flexion Jacket – The type reduces lumbar lordosis by holding the patient in a neutral tilt.
This brace is designed to limit excessive bending, and it is often directed to treat frontal compression fractures that have happened near the junction of the thoracic and lumbar spine. The brace can also be used for post surgery healing from a spinal fusion.
These braces offer support that provides anterior (front) pressure unloading of the thoracic vertebrae by restricting fusion (bending or thoracic and lumbar spine.
Hyperextension braces have a front quadrilateral metal frame that puts pressure on the upper sternum and the pubis/but bone. This promotes spinal extension. There is opening pressure applied over the T-10 level (the tenth vertebra in your thoracic spine). The braces allow for “three-point stabilization: to the spine through a front abdominal paid. A chest pad, and a rear pad at the level of the fracture.
Applying pressure to three points, the back lumbosacral, pubis, and sternum – the spine will be stretched/extended. The sternum is a the narrow, flat bone in the front middle of the thorax. The thorax is the portion of the body between the base of the neck and the lower diaphragm.
The most prevalent types of Hyperextension Braces are Knight Taylor and Jewett.
Molded jacket are designed to distribute pressure widely over a large area. Immobilizing the patient from the neck to the hips, weight is distributed evenly, taking excess pressure off overloaded of weak areas. These jackets were first made of plaster of Paris but now are typically made out of molded plastic.
These belts are created to decrease low back strain and muscle fatigue that can occur when you are lifting heavy objects. The belt circles the waist, covering the lumbar region of the spine and closes in front. These belts are usually made of clothing fo canvas and do not have stays. Some models also have lordosis pads.
Clinical Uses uses to treat low back pain and trauma, infections muscular weakness, neck conditions, and osteoporosis. Belts, braces, and jackets are designed to immobilize and support the spine when there is a condition that needs to be treated. Depending on the model that used. They may put the spine in lateral, hyperextended, flexed, neutral or upright.
The Goal of Spinal Bracing
Spinal bracing is implemented for a variety of purposes such as to control pain, lessen the chance of further injury, allowing recovery to take place, and compensate for muscle weakness, or prevent or correct a deformity. More specifically, lumber cost and braces compress the abode, which increase the intra-abdominal pressure. This acts allows pressure on the vertebral column to unload, and provide some relief.