Preeclampsie en eklampsie is 'n siekte van swangerskap wat die ontwikkeling of toenemende vlak van sluit hoë bloeddruk in die tweede helfte van swangerskap. Preeclampsie, histories genoem “Toxemia van swangerskap” kan groei tot die meer kritieke toestand genaamd eklampsie. Eklampsie bestaan simptome van Preeclampsie, saam met aanvalle.
hierdie toestande, wanneer hulle ontwikkel, voorkom na 20 weke van swangerskap. Hulle kan ook vinnig vorm na aflewering. In baie geïsoleerde omstandighede, they occur before 20 weke van swangerskap.
High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (veroorsaak anemie), as well as upsetting liver function and reduced platelets (the blood cells involved in clotting). Too few platelets can raise your risk of bleeding uncontrollably during delivery, or even spontaneously. ook, the high blood pressure may cause the placenta to begin to separate from the wall of the uterus because of a placental abruption. This can cause severe bleeding and even death of the fetus and possibly the mother.
If you begin suffering from seizures with a severe form of preeclampsia, you are considered to have eclampsia. This is a life-threating situation for you and your baby. During a seizure, you and your baby are at risk of being denied oxygen.
Who Gets Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
Preeclampsia affects 3% om 5% of all pregnancies in the US. Any pregnant woman can get preeclampsia, but you are at increased risk of developing preeclampsia if:
- Your are experiencing your first pregnancy
- Your mother or sister suffered from preeclampsia or eclampsia during their pregnancies.
- You are pregnant with twins/
- You are African -American
- Jy het reeds 'n hoë bloeddruk, suikersiekte, of niersiekte
- Jy is onder die ouderdom van 20 of oor 40 jaar oud tydens jou swangerskap.
Jy het Preeclampsie in 'n vorige swangerskap.
- Jy het 'n liggaamsmassa-indeks (BMI) groter as 30 voordat hy swanger.
Wat veroorsaak Preeclampsie en Eklampsie?
Die oorsake van Preeclampsie is nog nie goed verstaan. Die meeste werpers fokus op abnormale ontwikkeling van die placenta, Immuniteitstelsel, ontwrigting bloedvat of ander energieke faktore. Eklampsie ontwikkel dikwels wanneer Preeclampsie ongesiens en onbehandelde gaan.
Jy kan verhoed dat Preeclampsie >
Jy kan op die oomblik voorkom pre eklampsie, Maar navorsers probeer om vas te stel of dit moontlik is. Een liggaam van navorsing toon dat die eet van voedsel bars met die aminosuur L-arginine en antioksidant vitamiene verminder die risiko van Preeclampsie in hoë-risiko vroue. Nog 'n studie toon dat oorgewig of vetsugtig vroue wat minder het as 15 pond tydens swangerskap het 'n laer risiko van Preeclampsie. Maak seker dat jy dit met jou dokter te hersien voordat u enige veranderings.
Wat anders kan ek doen?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.
You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.
Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:
- Your blood
- Your Blood pressure
- Protein levels in your urine
- How fast your baby is growing
- Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell
Track your blood pressure and weight. If you had high blood pressure before your pregnancy, be sure to communicate this with your doctor at your first appointment. Your physician may want you to track your weight and blood pressure in between your visits.
Are There Treatment Options for Preeclampsia?
If you develop mild preeclampsia, your physician may Reducing Blood pressure – To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking additional dosages of calcium or aspirn., or lying on your left side when you rest,
want you to be less active. In sekere gevalle, you may need medication, bed rest, or hospitalization, especially if you have severe preeclampsia.
Delivery. The only way to prevent preeclampsia entirely, alhoewel, is to have your baby. To keep you both you and your child healthy, your doctor may want to induce labor so that you will have the baby earlier than your due date. You may require medication to lower your blood pressure when you deliver.
Depending on how healthy you and your baby are, your doctor may want to have a cesarean instead of vaginal delivery.
After childbirth. Preeclampsia may require that you stay in the optical longer after you give birth. Your blood pressure should return to a normal level within a few week following the delivery. And pre eclampsia usually do not increase your risk for high blood pressure in the future.